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Bopp, Franz

(Encyclopedia) Bopp, Franz fränts bôp [key], 1791–1867, German philologist. A professor at the Univ. of Berlin from 1821 to 1864, he did research in many languages and earned a great reputation as a scho...

Fick, August

(Encyclopedia) Fick, August ou´go͝ost fĭk [key], 1833–1916, German philologist. Fick compiled the first comparative etymological dictionary of the Indo-European languages (1868). ...

Indo-European

(Encyclopedia) Indo-European, family of languages having more speakers than any other language family. It is estimated that approximately half the world's population speaks an Indo-European tongue as a first ...

Lithuanian

(Encyclopedia) Lithuanian lĭth˝o͞oā´nēən [key], a language belonging to the Baltic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Baltic languages ). The official language of Lithuania ...

Bhils

(Encyclopedia) Bhils bēlz [key], people, numbering about 3 million, who inhabit portions of Pakistan and of W central India, especially S Rajasthan and Gujarat states. They speak an Indo-European language, ...

Brugmann, Karl

(Encyclopedia) Brugmann, Karl kärl bro͝ok´män [key], 1849–1919, German philologist. A professor at Leipzig, Brugmann believed that scientific rules of linguistics do not admit of exceptions. With the h...

Rask, Rasmus Christian

(Encyclopedia) Rask, Rasmus Christian räs´mo͝os krĭs´tyän räsk [key], 1787–1832, Danish philologist. Rask was a major linguistic pioneer. He published one of the first usable Anglo-Saxon and Iceland...

preposition

(Encyclopedia) preposition, in English, the part of speech embracing a small number of words used before nouns and pronouns to connect them to the preceding material, e.g., of, in, and abou...

Esperanto

(Encyclopedia) Esperanto ĕspərän´tō [key], an artificial language introduced in 1887 and intended by its inventor, Dr. Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof (1859–1917), a Polish oculist and linguist, to ease commun...

etymology

(Encyclopedia) etymology ĕtĭmŏl´əjē [key], branch of linguistics that investigates the history, development, and origin of words. It was this study that chiefly revealed the regular relations of sounds...