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parent and child

(Encyclopedia) parent and child, legal relationship, created by biological (birth) relationship or by adoption, that confers certain rights and duties on parent and child; in some states the courts…

surrogate mother

(Encyclopedia) surrogate mother, a woman who agrees, usually by contract and for a fee, to bear a child for a couple who are childless because the wife is infertile or physically incapable of…

Biko, Steve

(Encyclopedia) Biko, Steve (Steven Biko)bē´kō, 1946–77, South African political leader. A medical student, he founded (1969) a black student organization and developed a national black consciousness…

Frederick III

(Encyclopedia) Frederick III or Frederick the Wise, 1463–1525, elector of Saxony (1486–1525). At Wittenberg he founded (1502) the university where Martin Luther and Melanchthon taught. At a crucial…

Holy Sepulcher

(Encyclopedia) Holy Sepulcher sĕp´əlkər, church in Jerusalem, officially the Church of the Resurrection. It is in the east central part of the Christian quarter, on the supposed site of Jesus'…

Stuart, David, duke of Rothesay

(Encyclopedia) Stuart or Stewart, David, duke of Rothesay rŏth´sē, 1378?–1402, Scottish prince; son and heir apparent of Robert III. On his father's accession (1390) to the throne, David became…

Kuraish

(Encyclopedia) Kuraish ko͞orīsh´, ancient Bedouin tribe near Mecca to which Muhammad belonged. At one time camel drivers and caravan guides, they became, after acquiring custody of the Kaaba (5th…

Melozzo da Forlì

(Encyclopedia) Melozzo da Forlì mālôt´tsō dä fōrlē´, 1438–94, Umbrian painter. His extant works, though few, reveal him as a painter of power and individuality. He is especially notable for his bold…

Sheppard, Jack

(Encyclopedia) Sheppard, Jack, 1702–24, English criminal. Raised in a workhouse, he ran away with Bess Lyon, known as Edgeworth Bess, who, with another girl known as Poll Maggott, incited him to a…