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Hernan Cortes

Hernan Cortes (also Hernando Cortez) was a Spanish explorer who took Mexico from the Aztecs in 1521. He first sailed from Spain in 1504 on a voyage to Santo Domingo, where he lived unt…

Fonseca, Juan Rodríguez de

(Encyclopedia) Fonseca, Juan Rodríguez de hwän rōdrē´gāth dā fōnsā´kä [key], 1451–1524, Spanish prelate. Chaplain to Isabella and Ferdinand, he was bishop successively of Badajoz, Córdoba, Pale...

Ulloa, Francisco de

(Encyclopedia) Ulloa, Francisco de fränᵺēs´kō ᵺā o͞olyō´ä [key], d. c.1540, Spanish explorer in Mexico. Against the orders of Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza, Hernán Cortés sent Ulloa to explore th...

Darién

(Encyclopedia) Darién dâr˝ēĕn´, Span. däryān´ [key], eastern part of Panama between the Gulf of Darién on the east and the Gulf of San Miguel on the west. Darién province, heavily forested and spa...

Cuernavaca

(Encyclopedia) Cuernavaca kwārnävä´kä [key], city (1990 pop. 279,187), capital of Morelos state, S Mexico, in the Cuernavaca Valley. Increasingly a suburb of Mexico City (to the north), Cuernavaca has f...

Cholula

(Encyclopedia) Cholula chōlo͞o´lä [key] or Cholula de Rivadabia chōlo͞o´lä ᵺā rē˝vädäv´yä [key], city (1990 pop. 53,673), Puebla state, E central Mexico. The site of the famous ...

Díaz del Castillo, Bernal

(Encyclopedia) Díaz del Castillo, Bernal bārnäl´ dē´äth dĕl kästē´lyō [key], c.1492–1581, Spanish conquistador and chronicler. He had served in the New World under various commanders—Pedro Ar...

Montejo, Francisco de

(Encyclopedia) Montejo, Francisco de fränthēs´kō dā mōntā´hō [key], c.1479–c.1548, Spanish conquistador. He served in Cuba under Diego Velásquez, later commanded a vessel in the expedition of Jua...

Velázquez, Diego de

(Encyclopedia) Velázquez, Diego de vəlăs´kwĭz, Span. dyā´gō dā vāläth´kāth [key], c.1460–1524?, Spanish conquistador, first governor of Cuba, b. Cuéllar, Spain. He sailed with Christopher Col...

Tenochtitlán

(Encyclopedia) Tenochtitlán tānōchtētlän´ [key], ancient city in the central valley of Mexico. The capital of the Aztec , it was founded (c.AD 1345) on a marshy island in Lake Texcoco. It was a f...