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Wallace's line

(Encyclopedia) Wallace's line, imaginary line postulated by A. R. Wallace as the dividing line between Asian and Australian fauna in the Malay Archipelago. It passes between Bali and Lombok…

Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument

(Encyclopedia) Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, 582,578 sq mi (1,508,870 sq km), in the Pacific Ocean surrounding the NW Hawaiian Islands, c.270 mi (435 km) NW of Oahu; est. 2006 as…

Polynesia

(Encyclopedia) Polynesia pŏlĭnē´zhə, –shə [Gr.,=many islands], one of the three main divisions of Oceania, in the central and S Pacific Ocean. The larger islands are volcanic; the smaller ones are…

Douglas, David

(Encyclopedia) Douglas, David, 1798–1834, Scottish botanist. He made several journeys in North America between 1823 and 1834 to study American plants and sent to Scotland more than 200 plants and…

Bingham, Hiram

(Encyclopedia) Bingham, Hiram, 1789–1869, American Congregationalist missionary, b. Bennington, Vt. In 1819 the American Board of Missions sent him, with others, to found the first Protestant mission…

Kearny, Lawrence

(Encyclopedia) Kearny, Lawrence kär´nē, 1789–1868, American naval officer, b. Perth Amboy, N.J.; cousin of Stephen Watts Kearny. He became a midshipman in 1807, served in the War of 1812, and later…

Andrews, Lorrin

(Encyclopedia) Andrews, Lorrin, 1795–1868, American missionary to the Hawaiian Islands, b. present-day Vernon, Conn., grad. Princeton Theological Seminary, 1825. He founded (1831) on Maui a training…

Blount, James Henderson

(Encyclopedia) Blount, James Henderson blŭnt, 1837–1903, American public official, b. Jones co., Ga. U.S. Representative from Georgia (1873–93), he was chosen by President Cleveland as a special…

Japan Current

(Encyclopedia) Japan Current or Kuroshioko͝orōshē´ō[Jap.,=black stream], warm ocean current of the Pacific Ocean, off E Asia. A northward flowing branch of the North Equatorial Current, it runs E of…

Kauai

(Encyclopedia) Kauai kou˝wī´, circular island (1990 pop. 51,177), 549 sq mi (1,422 sq km), 32 mi (52 km) in diameter, N Hawaii, separated from Oahu island to the southeast by Kauai Channel. Lihue (…