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folk music

(Encyclopedia) folk music: see folk song .

Crawford, Ruth

(Encyclopedia) Crawford, Ruth, 1901–53, American composer, b. East Liverpool, Ohio. Crawford attended music schools in Jacksonville, Fla., and Chicago. Her most frequently performed…

Grainger, Percy Aldridge

(Encyclopedia) Grainger, Percy Aldridge grān´jər [key], 1882–1961, Australian-American pianist and composer. A friend of Grieg, whose music he often played, he settled (1914) in the…

folk song

(Encyclopedia) folk song, music of anonymous composition, transmitted orally. The theory that folk songs were originally group compositions has been modified in recent studies. These…

hurdy-gurdy

(Encyclopedia) hurdy-gurdy, musical instrument with three strings that are caused to vibrate by a wooden wheel turned by a crank. Stopping is accomplished by keys that usually affect…

Bartók, Béla

(Encyclopedia) Bartók, Béla bā´lə bär´tŏk, Hung. bā´lô bôr´tōk [key], 1881–1945, Hungarian composer and collector of folk music. He studied (1899–1903) and later taught piano at the…

accordion

(Encyclopedia) accordion, musical instrument consisting of a rectangular bellows expanded and contracted between the hands. Buttons or keys operated by the player open valves, allowing…

reggae

(Encyclopedia) reggae, Jamaican popular music that developed in the 1960s among Kingston's poor blacks, drawing on American soul music and traditional African and Jamaican…

Wolpe, Stefan

(Encyclopedia) Wolpe, Stefan shtĕf´än vôl´pə [key], 1902–72, German–American composer. Of Jewish ancestry, he went to live in Palestine in 1933, but settled in the United States in…

Bull, Ole Bornemann

(Encyclopedia) Bull, Ole Bornemann ō´lə bōr´nəmän bo͞ol [key], 1810–80, Norwegian violinist. After his debut in Paris (1832) he toured in Europe and in the United States, playing…