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Fidel Castro

Name at birth: Fidel Alejandro Castro RuzBearded, charismatic and ruthless, Fidel Castro was the undisputed leader of Cuba from 1959 until 2008, when he stepped down after nearly 50 ye…

Fidel Castro, 2006 News

president of Cuba, temporarily transferred power to his brother Raúl in August, just before undergoing intestinal surgery for an undisclosed condition. It was the first time i…

Turquino

(Encyclopedia) Turquino to͞orkē´nō [key], peak, 6,560 ft (1,999 m) high, SE Cuba, in the Sierra Maestra range. It is the highest point on the island. The mountain, called Pico Turquino in Spanish, was th...

Sierra Maestra

(Encyclopedia) Sierra Maestra syā´rä mäā´strä [key], rugged mountain range, SE Cuba, rising abruptly from the coast. Consisting of connecting ranges with local names, the Sierra Maestra is the highest...

Cruz, Celia

(Encyclopedia) Cruz, Celia, 1929–2003, Cuban-American singer, b. Havana. The Queen of Salsa began singing as a teenager, and in 1950 joined Sonora Matancera, Cuba's most popular band. She left Cuba a...

Debray, Jules Régis

(Encyclopedia) Debray, Jules Régis zhül rāzhēs´ dəbrā´ [key], 1940–, French journalist and government official. He went to Cuba, taught philosophy at the Univ. of Havana, and, after lengthy convers...

Carlos the Jackal

(Encyclopedia) Carlos the Jackal, pseud. of the revolutionary and international terrorist Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, 1949–, b. Caracas, Venezuela. Son of an affluent Marxist lawyer, he joined the Commu...

Bay of Pigs Invasion

(Encyclopedia) Bay of Pigs Invasion, 1961, an unsuccessful invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles, supported by the U.S. government. On Apr. 17, 1961, an armed force of about 1,500 Cuban exiles landed in the Bahía...

Castro, Raúl

(Encyclopedia) Castro, Raúl (Raúl Castro Ruz) rä-o͞ol´ käs´trō [key], 1931–, Cuban revolutionary and government official, younger brother of Fidel Castro . A loyal supporter of his brother an...