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felony

(Encyclopedia) felony fĕl´ənē [key], any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor , that is so declared in statute or was so considered in common law . In early English…

misdemeanor

(Encyclopedia) misdemeanor, in law, a minor crime, in contrast to a felony . At common law a misdemeanor was a crime other than treason or a felony. Although it might be a…

embezzlement

(Encyclopedia) embezzlement, wrongful use, for one's own selfish ends, of the property of another when that property has been legally entrusted to one. Such an act was not…

police court

(Encyclopedia) police court, court with jurisdiction limited to minor offenses, chiefly the least grave misdemeanors and breaches of municipal ordinances. In practice the trial…

arrest

(Encyclopedia) arrest, in law, seizure and detention of a person, either to bring him before a court body or official, or to otherwise secure the administration of the law. A person may…

Gideon v. Wainwright

(Encyclopedia) Gideon v. Wainwright, case decided in 1963 by the U.S. Supreme Court. Clarence Earl Gideon was convicted of a felony in a Florida court. He had defended himself after…

hue and cry

(Encyclopedia) hue and cry, formerly, in English law, pursuit of a criminal immediately after he had committed a felony . Whoever witnessed or discovered the crime was required to…

larceny

(Encyclopedia) larceny, in law, the unlawful taking and carrying away of the property of another, with intent to deprive the owner of its use or to appropriate it to the use of the…

burglary

(Encyclopedia) burglary, at common law , the breaking and entering of a dwelling house of another at night with the intent to commit a felony , whether the intent is carried…

murder

(Encyclopedia) murder, criminal homicide , usually distinguished from manslaughter by the element of malice aforethought. The most direct case of malicious intent…