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excise taxes

(Encyclopedia) excise taxes, governmental levies on specific goods produced and consumed inside a country. They differ from tariffs, which usually apply only to foreign-made goods, and from sales…

Brewer's: Excise

(2 syl.) means literally, a coupon, or piece cut off (Latin, excido). It is a toll or duty levied on articles of home consumption—a slice cut off from these things for the national purse…

duty

(Encyclopedia) duty, in taxation: see tariff; excise taxes.

Long, Crawford Williamson

(Encyclopedia) Long, Crawford Williamson, 1815–78, American physician, b. Danielsville, Ga., M.D. Univ. of Pennsylvania, 1839. He practiced in Jefferson, Ga. In 1842 he excised a tumor of the neck…

Kocher, Emil Theodor

(Encyclopedia) Kocher, Emil Theodor ā´mĭl tā´ōdôr kôkh´ər, 1841–1917, Swiss surgeon, M.D. Univ. of Bern, 1865. He was professor of surgery at Bern (1872–1911). For his work on the physiology,…

wart

(Encyclopedia) wart, circumscribed outgrowth of the skin caused by a filterable virus that is readily transmitted. Warts may appear anywhere on the skin but are most common on the hands. Sexually…

biopsy

(Encyclopedia) biopsy bīäp´sē, examination of cells or tissues removed from a living organism. Excised material may be studied in order to diagnose disease or to confirm findings of normality.…

bursitis

(Encyclopedia) bursitis bərsī´təs, acute or chronic inflammation of a bursa, or fluid sac, located close to a joint. In response to irritation or injury the bursa may become inflamed, causing pain,…

Dawes Plan

(Encyclopedia) Dawes Plan, presented in 1924 by the committee headed (1923–24) by Charles G. Dawes to the Reparations Commission of the Allied nations. It was accepted the same year by Germany and…

bounty

(Encyclopedia) bounty, amount paid by a government for the achievement of certain economic or other goals. It often takes the form of a premium paid for the increased production or export of certain…