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Euripides

(Encyclopedia) Euripides yo͝orĭp´ĭdēz, 480 or 485–406 &BC;, Greek tragic dramatist, ranking with Aeschylus and Sophocles. Born in Attica, he lived in Athens most of his life, though he spent much…

Timotheus

(Encyclopedia) Timotheus tĭmō´thēəs, c.450–c.357 &BC;, Greek poet and musician of Miletus. An innovator in music, he added a string to the kithara. Fragments of his dithyrambs and nomes remain.…

Creon

(Encyclopedia) Creon krē´ŏn, a name given to several minor legendary Greek kings. In the legend of Oedipus, Creon is the brother of Jocasta and after the death of Oedipus' sons becomes king of…

Lycurgus

(Encyclopedia) Lycurgus, c.396–c.325 &BC;, one of the Ten Attic Orators of the Alexandrian canon; pupil of Isocrates. A capable and honored public official, he administered the state finances…

Andromache

(Encyclopedia) Andromache ăndrŏ´məkē, in Greek mythology, Trojan princess, wife of Hector and mother of Astyanax. After the Trojan War she was carried away by Neoptolemus, whose father, Achilles, had…

Annensky, Innokenty Feodorovich

(Encyclopedia) Annensky, Innokenty Feodorovich ēnəkĕn´tyē fyô´dərəvĭch ənyĕn´skē, 1856–1909, Russian poet. A classical scholar, he translated Euripides before he began to publish verse in 1904. His…

Hermione

(Encyclopedia) Hermione hərmī´ənē, in Greek mythology, the only daughter of Helen and Menelaus. When Helen eloped with Paris, Hermione was abandoned to the care of Clytemnestra. She later married…

Pentheus

(Encyclopedia) Pentheus pĕn´thēəs, in Greek mythology, king of Thebes, son of Cadmus' daughter Agave. When Dionysus came to Thebes, Pentheus denied his divinity and tried to prevent his ecstatic…

Electra

(Encyclopedia) Electra ĭlĕk´trə, in Greek mythology. 1 Daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra. After her mother and Aegisthus murdered Agamemnon, Electra, eager for revenge, longed only for the…

Neoptolemus

(Encyclopedia) Neoptolemus nē˝ŏptŏl´ĭməs, in Greek legend, son of Achilles. In the Trojan War he proved himself brave but cruel. He killed Priam at the altar of Zeus and threw Astyanax, son of Hector…