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encomienda

(Encyclopedia) encomienda ānkōmyān´dä [key] [Span. encomendar =to entrust], system of tributory labor established in Spanish America. Developed as a means of securing an adequate and cheap labor s...

repartimiento

(Encyclopedia) repartimiento rāpärtēmyĕn´tō [key], in Spanish colonial practice, usually, the distribution of indigenous people for forced labor. In a broader sense it referred to any official distribu...

Mixtón War

(Encyclopedia) Mixtón War mēstōn´ [key], 1541, revolt of indigenous peoples against Spanish rule in Nueva Galicia, W Mexico. The conquest under Nuño de Guzmán had been particularly harsh and the e...

Irala, Domingo Martínez de

(Encyclopedia) Irala, Domingo Martínez de dōmēng´gō märtē´nās dā ērä´lä [key], d. 1556 or 1557, first governor of Paraguay. Of Basque origin, he accompanied Pedro de Mendoza on his expedition t...

peonage

(Encyclopedia) peonage pē´ənĭj [key], system of involuntary servitude based on the indebtedness of the laborer (the peon) to his creditor. It was prevalent in Spanish America, especially in Mexico, Guate...

ejido

(Encyclopedia) ejido āhē´ᵺō [key] [Span.,=common land], in Mexico, agricultural land expropriated from large private holdings and redistributed to communal farms. Communal ownership of land had been wi...

Santo Domingo

(Encyclopedia) Santo Domingo sän´tō dōmēng´gō [key], former Spanish colony on the island of Hispaniola . The name has also been used for the Dominican Republic , and in early days it appli...

Las Casas, Bartolomé de

(Encyclopedia) Las Casas, Bartolomé de bärtōlōmā´ dā läs kä´säs [key], 1474–1566, Spanish missionary and historian, called the apostle of the Indies. He went to Hispaniola with his father in 150...

Pizarro, Francisco

(Encyclopedia) Pizarro, Francisco pĭzä´rō, Span. fränthēs´kō pēthär´rō [key], c.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. Born in Trujillo, he was an illegitimate son of a Spanish gen...

Natives, Middle American

(Encyclopedia) Natives, Middle American or Mesoamerican, aboriginal peoples living in the area between present-day United States and South America. Although most of Mexico is geographically consider...