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Pratt, Parley Parker

(Encyclopedia) Pratt, Parley Parker, 1807–57, Mormon apostle, b. Otsego co., N.Y.; brother of Orson Pratt . He joined (1830) the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and…

Lawrence, T. E.

(Encyclopedia) Lawrence, T. E. (Thomas Edward Lawrence), 1888–1935, British adventurer, soldier, and scholar, known as Lawrence of Arabia. While a student at Oxford he went on a walking…

Doctorow, E. L.

(Encyclopedia) Doctorow, E. L. (Edgar Lawrence Doctorow) dŏk´tərō˝ [key], 1931–2015, American novelist, b. New York City. The author of a dozen novels, Doctorow is known for his…

Forster, E. M.

(Encyclopedia) Forster, E. M. (Edward Morgan Forster), 1879–1970, English author, one of the most important British novelists of the 20th cent. After graduating from Cambridge, Forster…

Housman, A. E.

(Encyclopedia) Housman, A. E. (Alfred Edward Housman) hous´mən [key], 1859–1936, English poet and scholar, whose verse exerted a strong influence on later poets. He left Oxford without…

Mooney, Thomas J.

(Encyclopedia) Mooney, Thomas J., 1883–1942, American labor agitator, b. Chicago. He was an active leader in several violent labor struggles in California before 1916 and was convicted…

Rowling, J. K.

(Encyclopedia) Rowling, J. K. (Joanne Kathleen Rowling) rōl´ibreve;ing [key], 1965–, English author known for her popular children's books, b. Chipping Sodbury, grad. Exeter Univ…

Liebling, A. J.

(Encyclopedia) Liebling, A. J. (Abbott Joseph Liebling), 1904–63, American journalist, b. New York City. He left Dartmouth, attended the Columbia School of Journalism, and wrote for the…

Brewer's: J. J.

(In Hogarth's Gin Lane, written on a gibbet), is intended for Sir Joseph Jekyll, obnoxious for his bill for increasing the duty on gin. Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer,…

Tolkien, J. R. R.

(Encyclopedia) Tolkien, J. R. R. (John Ronald Reuel Tolkien) täl´kēn, tōl´– [key], 1892–1973, British novelist, b. South Africa. A fantasy writer and Oxford don, Tolkien wrote The…