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Down

(Encyclopedia) Down, district (1991 pop. 57,050), 246 sq mi (637 sq km), SE Northern Ireland. The principal town is Downpatrick . The shoreline extends along the Irish Sea and is…

South Downs

(Encyclopedia) South Downs: see Downs, North , chalk hills, England.

North Downs

(Encyclopedia) North Downs: see Downs, North , chalk hills, England.

Down syndrome

(Encyclopedia) Down syndrome, congenital disorder characterized by mild to severe mental retardation , slow physical development, and characteristic physical features. Down…

Darling Downs

(Encyclopedia) Darling Downs, tableland, 27,610 sq mi (71,510 sq km), SE Queensland, Australia, W of the Great Dividing Range. Settled in 1840 by sheep grazers, this grassland region…

Downing Street

(Encyclopedia) Downing Street, Westminster, London, England. On the street are the British Foreign Office and, at No. 10, the residence of the first lord of the Treasury, who is usually…

Downs, The

(Encyclopedia) Downs, The, roadstead, c.8 mi (13 km) long and 6 mi (9.7 km) wide, between North Foreland and South Foreland, off Deal, Kent, SE England, in the English Channel. It is…

Downs, North, and South Downs

(Encyclopedia) Downs, North, and South Downs, parallel ranges of chalk hills, SE England. They rise to 965 ft (294 m) at Leith Hill, Surrey. The North Downs range, extending c…

Downing, Sir George

(Encyclopedia) Downing, Sir George, 1623–84, English diplomat. A nephew of Gov. John Winthrop of Massachusetts, he was educated at Harvard. He returned (1646) to England, joined the…