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consul

(Encyclopedia) consul, title of the two chief magistrates of ancient Rome. The institution is supposed to have arisen with the expulsion of the kings, traditionally in 510 BC, and it…

Consulate

(Encyclopedia) Consulate, 1799–1804, in French history, form of government established after the coup of 18 Brumaire (Nov. 9–10, 1799), which ended the Directory . Three consuls…

The Devil's Dictionary: Consul

by Ambrose Bierce CONSOLATIONCONSULTCONSUL -n. In American politics, a person who having failed to secure an office from the people is given one by the Administration on condition that he…

consular service

(Encyclopedia) consular service, organized body of public officers maintained by a government in the important ports and trade centers of foreign countries to protect the persons and…

praetor

(Encyclopedia) praetor prēt´ər [key], in ancient Rome, originally a consul , and later a judicial magistrate (from c.366 BC). In 242 BC two praetors were appointed, the urban…

Eutropius

(Encyclopedia) Eutropius, d. 399, consul of East Roman Emperor Arcadius . A eunuch of the palace, he brought about the marriage (395) of Arcadius and Eudoxia and succeeded…

Fabricius

(Encyclopedia) Fabricius (Caius Fabricius Luscinus) fəbrĭsh´əs fäbrēä´nō [key], d. 250 BC, Roman general and statesman, distinguished for simplicity of habit and probity in public life…

Manlius

(Encyclopedia) Manlius măn´lēəs [key], ancient Roman gens, chiefly patrician but later containing plebeian families. Marcus Manlius Capitolinus, d. 384? BC, consul (392 BC),…

Decius Mus, Publius

(Encyclopedia) Decius Mus, Publius dē´shəs mŭs [key], name of three Romans, father, son, and grandson, who, according to legend, sacrificed themselves for their country. As a tribune,…

Flaminius, Caius

(Encyclopedia) Flaminius, Caius kā´əs fləmĭn´ēəs, kī´əs [key], d. 217 BC, Roman statesman and general. In his tribuneship (232) he sponsored an agrarian law for the benefit of the…