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Sartre, Jean-Paul

(Encyclopedia) Sartre, Jean-Paul zhäN-pôl sär´trə, 1905–80, French philosopher, playwright, and novelist. Influenced by German philosophy, particularly that of Heidegger, Sartre was a leading…

Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the most influential writers and thinkers of the 20th century. His name is nearly synonymous with existentialism, a branch of philosophy whose tenets include the idea that…

Jean Paul

(Encyclopedia) Jean Paul: see Richter, Johann Paul Friedrich.

Getty, Jean Paul

(Encyclopedia) Getty, Jean Paul, 1892–1976, American business executive, one of the richest men in the world during his life, b. Minneapolis, Minn. He inherited his father's oil business, George…

Marat, Jean Paul

(Encyclopedia) Marat, Jean Paul zhäN pōl märä´, 1743–93, French revolutionary, b. Switzerland. He studied medicine in England, acquired some repute as a doctor in London and Paris, and wrote…

Jean-Paul Riopelle 2002 Deaths

Jean-Paul RiopelleAge: 78 Canadian abstract expressionist painter who produced most of his work in postwar France. His works appear in New York City's Museum of Modern Art and London's Tate…

Casimir-Perier, Jean Paul Pierre

(Encyclopedia) Casimir-Perier, Jean Paul Pierre zhäN pōl pyĕr käzēmēr´-pĕryā´, 1847–1907, French president (June, 1894–Jan., 1895). He held several cabinet posts before serving as premier in 1893. He…

Belmondo, Jean-Paul

(Encyclopedia) Belmondo, Jean-Paul zhäN-pōl bĕlmôNdō´, 1933–, French film actor, b. Neuilly-sur-Seine, studied Paris Conservatory. Belmondo made his film debut in 1957, but first gained fame in…

collect

(Encyclopedia) collect kŏl´ĕkt [Late Lat.,=meeting], in Western liturgies, short prayer proper to an occasion, often asking a particular favor. In the Roman Catholic Church the collect is said,…

essence

(Encyclopedia) essence, in philosophy, the nature of a thing. Aristotle maintained that there is a distinction between the form of a thing—its intelligible, verbally formulable character—and the…