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Lechfeld

(Encyclopedia) Lechfeld lĕkh´fĕlt, plain near Augsburg, S Germany, drained by the Lech River. There in 955, King (later Emperor) Otto I defeated the Magyars and stopped their expansion into central…

draft horse

(Encyclopedia) draft horse or work horse, any breed of horse that is suited to or used for drawing heavy loads. Draft horses originated in central Europe, where their domestication preceded the Roman…

handball, team

(Encyclopedia) handball, team, or field handball, team court game. Despite its status as an Olympic sport, the game is virtually unknown in the United States. Originated in central Europe in the…

Pannonia

(Encyclopedia) Pannonia pănō´nēə, ancient Roman province, central Europe, southwest of the Danube, including parts of modern Austria, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia. Its natives, the warlike…

Balaton

(Encyclopedia) Balaton bă´lətŏn, Hung. bŏ´lŏtôn, lake, 230 sq mi (596 sq km), W central Hungary, at the foot of the Bakony Forest. The Zala River is its main tributary; the lake is drained by the Sió…

Helvetia

(Encyclopedia) Helvetia hĕlvĕ´shə, region of central Europe, occupying the plateau between the Alps and the Jura mts. The name is derived from the Roman term for its inhabitants, the predominantly…

Naumann, Friedrich

(Encyclopedia) Naumann, Friedrich frē´drĭkh nou´män, 1860–1919, German political leader. A Lutheran pastor, he renounced (1894) the ministry to enter politics. He was a leading member of the…

lake dwelling

(Encyclopedia) lake dwelling, prehistoric habitation built over the shallow waters of a lake shore or a marsh, usually erected on pile-supported platforms, but sometimes on artificial islands or…

exorcism

(Encyclopedia) exorcism ĕk´sôrsĭz˝əm, ritual act of driving out evil demons or spirits from places, persons, or things in which they are thought to dwell. It occurs both in primitive societies and in…

Eger

(Encyclopedia) Eger ĕ´gĕr, Ger. Erlau, city (1991 est. pop. 62,474), NE Hungary, on the Eger River. It is the commercial center of a wine-producing region and has food- and tobacco-processing plants…