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Jeritza, Maria

(Encyclopedia) Jeritza, Maria yərĭt´sə [key], 1887–1982, Austrian-American soprano. b. Brünn (now Brno). After her debut as Elsa in Lohengrin at Olmütz (now Olomouc) in 1910,…

Kreisler, Fritz

(Encyclopedia) Kreisler, Fritz krīs´lər [key], 1875–1962, Austrian-American violinist, studied at the conservatories of Vienna and Paris. He first appeared in the United States in 1889…

Serkin, Rudolf

(Encyclopedia) Serkin, Rudolf, 1903–91, Austrian-American pianist, b. Bohemia. Serkin gave joint recitals with Adolf Busch and made his U.S. debut (1933) with the Busch chamber players…

Rudel, Julius

(Encyclopedia) Rudel, Julius, 1921–2014, Austrian-American conductor, b. Vienna, grad. Mannes School of Music (1942). A child prodigy on the violin and piano, he studied at the Vienna…

Karplus, Martin

(Encyclopedia) Karplus, Martin, 1930–, Austrian-American theoretical chemist, b. Vienna, Ph.D. California Institute of Technology, 1953. He has been a professor at Harvard since 1967,…

Schumann-Heink, Ernestine

(Encyclopedia) Schumann-Heink, Ernestine sho͞o´mən-hīngk [key], 1861–1936, Austrian-American contralto, b. near Prague. Her voice was distinguished for its richness and wide range. She…

Schnabel, Artur

(Encyclopedia) Schnabel, Artur är´to͝or shnä´bəl [key], 1882–1951, Austrian-American pianist, b. Lipnik, at that time in Austria. He studied (1891–97) with Leschetizky and began his…

Schumpeter, Joseph Alois

(Encyclopedia) Schumpeter, Joseph Alois yō´zĕf ä´lōēs sho͝om´pā˝tər [key], 1883–1950, Austrian-American economist, LL.D. Univ. of Vienna, 1906. He began practicing law but turned to…

Von Sternberg, Joseph

(Encyclopedia) Von Sternberg, Joseph (Jo Sternberg), 1894–1969, Austrian-American film director and screenwriter. Von Sternberg, who worked in the United States from 1925, made films…

Von Stroheim, Erich

(Encyclopedia) Von Stroheim, Erich (Hans Erich Marie Stroheim von Nordenaall) ā´rĭkh fən shtrō´hīm [key], 1885–1957, Austrian-American film director, writer, and actor. He came to the…