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Afghan hound

(Encyclopedia) Afghan hound ăf´găn [key], breed of tall, swift hound originating about 5,000 years ago in ancient Egypt. Its modern ancestors were perfected in the northern part of Afghanistan and introdu...

Pashto

(Encyclopedia) Pashto pŭsh´tō [key], Pushtu –to͞o [key], or Afghan, language belonging to the Iranian group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See ...

Panipat

(Encyclopedia) Panipat pä´nēpət [key], town (1991 pop. 191,212), Haryana state, NW India, on the Western Yamuna Canal. It has saltpeter refining plants and manufactures electrical appliances, bricks, gla...

Rawalpindi

(Encyclopedia) Rawalpindi räwəlpĭn´dē [key], city (1998 pop. 1,406,214), NE Pakistan. It occupies the site of an old village inhabited by the Rawals, a tribe of Yogis. A railroad junction and an importa...

Ahmad Shah

(Encyclopedia) Ahmad Shah äkhmäd´ shä´ [key], c.1723–1773, Afghan ruler (1747–73), founder of the Durani dynasty. His success in commanding Afghan forces in India for Nadir Shah of Iran won h...

Safed Koh

(Encyclopedia) Safed Koh säfād´ kō [key], mountain range on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, SE of Kabul; rises to 15,620 ft (4,761 m) at Mt. Sikaram. It parallels the Kabul River. A spur of the range is...

Bannu

(Encyclopedia) Bannu bən´no͞o [key], town (1981 pop. 35,170), N Pakistan. It is a district administrative center and an important road junction and market town. The major industries are cloth weaving and ...

Sultan Husayn

(Encyclopedia) Sultan Husayn so͝oltän´ ho͞osān´ [key], d. 1729, Safavid shah of Persia (1694–1722). A weak and superstitious man, Shah Sultan Husayn was surrounded by astrologers and fanatics and was...

Afghanistan War

(Encyclopedia) Afghanistan War, 1978–92, conflict between anti-Communist Muslim Afghan guerrillas (mujahidin) and Afghan government and Soviet forces. The conflict had its origins in the 1978 coup that over...

Peshawar

(Encyclopedia) Peshawar pəshä´wär, pəshô´ər [key], city (1998 pop. 988,005), capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly North-West Frontier Province), NW Pakistan. A road and rail center near the famed ...