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Afghan hound

(Encyclopedia) Afghan hound ăf´găn, breed of tall, swift hound originating about 5,000 years ago in ancient Egypt. Its modern ancestors were perfected in the northern part of Afghanistan and…

Pashto

(Encyclopedia) Pashto pŭsh´tō, Pushtu–to͞o, or Afghan, language belonging to the Iranian group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-Iranian languages.

Panipat

(Encyclopedia) Panipat pä´nēpət, town (1991 pop. 191,212), Haryana state, NW India, on the Western Yamuna Canal. It has saltpeter refining plants and manufactures electrical appliances, bricks, glass…

Ahmad Shah

(Encyclopedia) Ahmad Shah äkhmäd´ shä´, c.1723–1773, Afghan ruler (1747–73), founder of the Durani dynasty. His success in commanding Afghan forces in India for Nadir Shah of Iran won him the rule of…

Prithvi Raj

(Encyclopedia) Prithvi Raj prĭt´vē räj, d. 1192, ruler of the Chauan dynasty of N India. A great warrior, he later became the subject of many romantic epics, including the Chand Raisa. He resisted…

Sultan Husayn

(Encyclopedia) Sultan Husayn so͝oltän´ ho͞osān´, d. 1729, Safavid shah of Persia (1694–1722). A weak and superstitious man, Shah Sultan Husayn was surrounded by astrologers and fanatics and was able…

Afghanistan War

(Encyclopedia) Afghanistan War, 1978–92, conflict between anti-Communist Muslim Afghan guerrillas (mujahidin) and Afghan government and Soviet forces. The conflict had its origins in the 1978 coup…

Rawalpindi

(Encyclopedia) Rawalpindi räwəlpĭn´dē, city (1998 pop. 1,406,214), NE Pakistan. It occupies the site of an old village inhabited by the Rawals, a tribe of Yogis. A railroad junction and an important…

Jalalabad

(Encyclopedia) Jalalabad jəlä˝läbäd´, jəlăl´əbăd, city (1979 pop. 53,915), capital of Nangarhar prov., E Afghanistan, near the Khyber Pass. The city dominates the entrances to the Laghman and Kunar…

Khyber Pass

(Encyclopedia) Khyber Pass kī´bər, narrow, steep-sided pass, 28 mi (45 km) long, winding through the Safed Koh Mts., on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border; highest point is 3,500 ft (1,067 m). The…