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Academy

(Encyclopedia) Academy, school founded by Plato near Athens c.387 BC It took its name from the garden (named for the hero Academus) in which it was located. Plato's…

academies of art

(Encyclopedia) academies of art, official organizations of established artists. Lorenzo de' Medici's informal circle of great artists and thinkers was modeled on similar…

Phillips Academy

(Encyclopedia) Phillips Academy, at Andover, Mass.; college preparatory boarding and day school; opened 1778, chartered 1780 by Samuel Phillips . Founded for boys, it is the…

French Academy

(Encyclopedia) French Academy ( L'Académie française ), learned society of France. It is one of the five societies of the Institut de France . Development…

National Academy of Sciences

(Encyclopedia) National Academy of Sciences, with headquarters in Washington, D.C., a private organization of leading American scientists and engineers devoted to the furtherance of…

Royal Academy of Arts

(Encyclopedia) Royal Academy of Arts, London, the national academy of art of England, founded in 1768 by George III at the instigation of Sir William Chambers and Benjamin West.…

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

(Encyclopedia) Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, established in 1805, incorporated in 1806. It is supported by private endowment. The academy grew out of a proposal…

American Academy in Rome

(Encyclopedia) American Academy in Rome, founded in 1894 as the American School of Architecture in Rome by Charles F. McKim and enlarged in 1897 with the founding of the American…

United States Military Academy

(Encyclopedia) United States Military Academy, at West Point , N.Y.; for training young men and women to be officers in the U.S. army; founded and opened in 1802. The original act…