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Life-Saving Skills Summary

Life-Saving Skills Summary

SkillAdult
(9 years and older)
Child
(1 to 8 years)
Infant
(birth to 1 year)
Rescue breathing
(used when victim is not breathing)
Give 1 slow breath about every 5 seconds; about 11/2 seconds per breath; 1 minute = about 10 to 12 breathsGive 1 slow breath about every 3 seconds; about 11/2 seconds per breath; 1 minute = about 20 breathsGive 1 slow breath about every 3 seconds; about 11/2 seconds per breath; 1 minute = about 20 breaths
CPR
(used if victim is not breathing and does not have a heartbeat)
Depth of compression is about 2 inches; compressions are performed with both hands; complete 15 compressions in about 10 seconds; do cycles of 15 compressions and 2 breathsDepth of compression is about 11/2 inches; compressions are performed with 1 hand; complete 5 compressions in about 3 seconds; do cycles of 5 compressions and 1 breathDepth of compression is about 1 inch; compressions are performed with 2 fingers; complete 5 compressions in about 3 seconds; do cycles of 5 compressions and 1 breath
Choking (conscious)Determine if person is choking; stand behind person and deliver abdominal thrusts; repeat until object is expelled or victim loses consciousnessDetermine if child is choking; stand or kneel behind child and deliver abdominal thrusts; repeat until object is expelled or child loses consciousnessDetermine if infant is choking; give 5 back blows; give 5 chest thrusts; repeat until object is expelled or infant loses consciousness
Choking
(unconscious)
Give 2 slow breaths; retilt head and give 2 slow breaths; give up to 5 abdominal thrusts; do finger sweep; give 2 slow breaths; repeat abdominal thrusts, finger sweep, and 2 slow breathsGive 2 slow breaths; retilt head and give 2 slow breaths; give up to 5 abdominal thrusts; check for object in throat; do finger sweep if object is visible; give 2 slow breaths; repeat abdominal thrusts, foreign-body check/finger sweep, and 2 slow breathsGive 2 slow breaths; retilt head and give 2 slow breaths; give 5 back blows; give 5 chest thrusts; check for object in throat; do finger sweep if object is visible; repeat back blows, chest thrusts, foreign-body check/finger sweep, and 2 slow breaths

First AidRescue Breathing