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Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Jurist / U.S. Supreme Court Justice
Date Of Birth:
15 March 1933
Date Of Death:
18 September 2020
pancreatic cancer
Place Of Birth:
Brooklyn, New York
Best Known As:
The second woman to sit on the U.S. Supreme Court
Ruth Bader Ginsburg was an associate justice of the United States Supreme Court for almost three decades, from her appointment President Bill Clinton in 1993 until her death in office in 2020. A New Yorker with degrees from Cornell (1954) and Columbia Law School (1959), Ginsburg overcame what was considered a serious obstacle at the time -- being a working mother -- to get a law degree and have a stellar career in the legal profession. She spent most of her career specializing in gender equality issues, both as a law professor at Rutgers (1963-72) and Columbia (1972-80), and as a leader of the Women's Rights Project, an offshoot of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). She also served as the ACLU's general counsel during the 1970s and won five of the six cases she argued before the Supreme Court. President Jimmy Carter appointed her to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 1980, and when she joined the Supreme Court in 1993 she was only the second woman to reach a spot on the nation's highest court (the first was Sandra Day O'Connor). Ginsburg's views on reproductive rights, capital punishment and affirmative action have gave her a reputation as a liberal leader. In her later years she became a beloved figure among a new generation of feminists and progressives, earning the whimsical nickname "The Notorious RBG."
Extra Credit:

Ruth Bader Ginsberg had three bouts with cancer: first in 1999 (colon), again in 2009 (pancreas), and then again in 2020, when metastatic cancer of the pancreas led to her death… Ruth Bader Ginsburg and her ideological opposite on the bench, Antonin Scalia, were friends; they both appeared as extras in a 1994 production of the Richard Strauss opera Ariadne auf Naxos.