Jacob Dolson COX, Congress, OH (1828-1900)
COX, Jacob Dolson, a Representative from Ohio; born in Montreal, Canada, October 27, 1828; moved with his parents to New York City in 1829; attended private schools; moved to Lorain, Ohio, in 1846; was graduated from Oberlin (Ohio) College in 1851; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1853 and commenced practice in Warren, Trumbull County, Ohio; member of the State senate in 1860 and 1861; entered the Union Army as brigadier general of Ohio Volunteers April 23, 1861; commissioned major general of volunteers October 6, 1862; resigned January 1, 1866, having been elected Governor of Ohio in October 1865; served as Governor 1866-1868; moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, and resumed the practice of law; Secretary of the Interior from March 5, 1869, to November 1, 1870, when he resigned; resumed the practice of law in Cincinnati; president of the Wabash Railroad 1873-1878; moved to Toledo, Ohio, in 1874; elected as a Republican to the Forty-fifth Congress (March 4, 1877-March 3, 1879); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1878; returned to Cincinnati in 1878; dean of the Cincinnati Law School 1881-1897; president of the University of Cincinnati 1885-1889; was an author and writer on Civil War subjects; died in Magnolia, near Gloucester, Mass., August 4, 1900; interment in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio.
BibliographyAhern, Wilbert H. “The Cox Plan of Reconstruction: A Case Study in Ideology and Race Relations.“ Civil War History 16 (December 1970): 293-308; Schmiel, Eugene D. “The Career of Jacob Dolson Cox, 1828-1900.“ Ph.D. diss., Ohio State University, 1969.
Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present