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South America

Argentina

  • Juan Facundo Quiroga, Argentine caudillo (1790–1835)
  • Juan Martín de Pueyrredón, Argentine general, supreme director of the United Provinces of La Plata (1816–19)
  • Bernardino Rivadavia, Argentine statesman and diplomat, first president of the United Provinces of La Plata (1826–27)
  • Juan Manuel de Rosas, Argentine dictator, governor of Buenos Aires province (1829–32, 1835–52)
  • Justo José de Urquiza, Argentine general and politician, president of the confederation (1854–60)
  • Bartolomé Mitre Argentine statesman, general, and author, president of the republic (1862–68)
  • Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Argentine statesman, educator, and author, president of the republic (1868–74)
  • Nicolás Avellaneda, Argentine statesman, president of the republic (1874–80)
  • Julio Argentino Roca, general, president of Argentina (1880–86, 1898–1904)
  • Miguel Juárez Celman, president of Argentina (1886–90)
  • Manuel A. Quintana, president of Argentina (1904–06)
  • José Figueroa Alcorta, president of Argentina (1906–10)
  • Roque Sáenz Peña, Argentine statesman, president of the republic (1910–14)
  • Victorino de la Plaza, president of Argentina (1914–16)
  • Hipólito Irigoyen, Argentine political leader, president of the republic (1916–22, 1928–30)
  • Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, Argentine statesman and diplomat, president of the republic (1922–28)
  • José Félix Uriburu, president of Argentina (1930–32)
  • Agustín Pedro Justo, president of Argentina (1932–38)
  • Roberto M. Ortiz, president of Argentina (1938–42)
  • Ramón S. Castillo, president of Argentina (1940–43)
  • Arturo Rawson Corvalán, president of the Provisional Government (1943)
  • Pedro Pablo Ramírez Machuca, president of the Provisional Government (1943–44)
  • Edelmiro J. Farrell, president of Argentina (1944–46)
  • Juan Domingo Perón, president of Argentina (1946–55, 1973–74)
  • José Domingo Molina Gómez, Argentine chairman of military junta (1955)
  • Eduardo A. Lonardi, provisional president of Argentina (1955)
  • Pedro Eugenio Aramburu, president of Argentina (1955–58)
  • Arturo Frondizi, president of Argentina (1958–62)
  • José María Guido, acting president of Argentina (1962–63)
  • Arturo Illia, president of Argentina (1963–66)
  • Revolutionary Junta: Pascual Ángel Pistarini Ludena, Benigno Ignacio Marcelino Varela Barnadou, Adolfo Teodoro Álvarez Melendi (1966)
  • Juan Carlos Onganía, president of Argentina (1966–70)
  • Pedro Alberto José Gnavi, Argentine chairman Junta of Commanders (1970)
  • Roberto Marcelo Levingston, president of Argentina (1970–71)
  • Alejandro Agustín Lanusse, president of Argentina (1971–73)
  • Héctor José Cámpora, president of Argentina (1973)
  • Isabel Perón, president of Argentina (1974–76)
  • Military junta: Jorge Rafael Videla, Emilio Eduardo Massera, Orlando Ramón Agosti (1976)
  • Jorge Rafael Videla, president of Argentina (1976–81)
  • Roberto Eduardo Viola, president of Argentina (1981)
  • Carlos Alberto Lacoste, acting president of Argentina (1981)
  • Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri, Argentine general, president of Argentina (1981–82)
  • Alfredo Óscar Saint Jean, acting president of Argentina (1982)
  • Reynaldo Bignone, president of Argentina (1982–83)
  • Raúl Alfonsín, president of Argentina (1983–89)
  • Carlos Saul Menem, president of Argentina (1989–1999)
  • Fernando de la Rúa, president of Argentina (1999–2001)
  • Adolfo Rodrí­guez Saá, president of Argentina (2001–2002)
  • Eduardo Duhalde, president of Argentina (2002–2003)
  • Néstor Kirchner, president of Argentina (2003–2007)
  • Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, president of Argentina (2007–2015)
  • Mauricio Macri (2015–)

Brazil

  • Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil, Bragança dynasty (1822–31)
  • Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil, Bragança dynasty (1831–89)
  • Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca, president of Brazil (1889–91)
  • Floriano Peixoto, acting president of Brazil (1891–94)
  • Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales, president of Brazil (1898–1902)
  • Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, president of Brazil (1902–06)
  • Afonso Augusto Moreira Pena, president of Brazil (1906–09)
  • Nilo Peçanha, president of Brazil (1909–10)
  • Venceslau Brás Pereira Gomes, president of Brazil (1914–18)
  • Delfim Moreira, acting president of Brazil (1918–19)
  • Epitâcio da Silva Pessoa, president of Brazil (1919–22)
  • Artur da Silva Bernardes, president of Brazil (1922–26)
  • Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, president of Brazil (1926–30)
  • Augusto Tasso Fragoso, chairman Government Junta (1930)
  • Getúlio Vargas, pesident of Brazil (1930–45, 1951–54)
  • José Linhares, president of Brazil (1945–46)
  • Eurico Gaspar Dutra, president of Brazil (1946–51)
  • João Café Filho, president of Brazil (1954–56)
  • Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, president of Brazil (1956–61)
  • Jânio da Silva Quadros, president of Brazil (1961)
  • João Belchior Marques Goulart, president of Brazil (1961–64)
  • Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, president of Brazil (1964–67)
  • Artur da Costa e Silva, president of Brazil (1967–69)
  • Military junta: Augusto Hamann Rademaker Grünewald, Aurélio de Lyra Tavares, Márcio de Souza e Mello (1969)
  • Emílio Garrastazú Médici, president of Brazil (1969–74)
  • Ernesto Geisel, president of Brazil (1974–79)
  • João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo, president of Brazil (1979–85)
  • José Sarney, president of Brazil (1985–90)
  • Fernando Collor de Mello, president of Brazil (1990–92)
  • Itamar Franco, acting for Collor (1992–95)
  • Fernando Henrique Cardoso, president of Brazil (1995–2003)
  • Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, president of Brazil (2003–2010)
  • Dilma Rousseff, president of Brazil (2011–2016)
  • Michel Temer, president of Brazil (2016- )

Chile

  • Bernardo O'Higgins, supreme director of Chile (1818–23)
  • Manuel Bulnes, president of Chile (1841–51)
  • Manuel Montt, president of Chile (1851–61)
  • Domingo Santa María, president of Chile (1881–86)
  • José Manuel Balmaceda, president of Chile (1886–91)
  • Jorge Montt, president of Chile (1891–96)
  • Federico Errázuriz Echaurren, president of Chile (1896–01)
  • Aníbal Zañartu Zañartu, acting president of Chile (1901)
  • Germán Riesco, president of Chile (1901–06)
  • Pedro Montt, president of Chile (1906–10)
  • Elías Fernández Albano, acting president of Chile (1910)
  • Emiliano Figueroa Larraín, president of Chile (1910)
  • Ramón Barros Luco, president of Chile (1910–15)
  • Juan Luis Sanfuentes, president of Chile (1915–20)
  • Arturo Alessandri Palma, president of Chile (1920–24)
  • Luis Altamirano Talavera, Chilean junta chairman (1924–25)
  • Pedro Pablo Dartnell Encina, Chilean junta chairman (1925)
  • Arturo Alessandri Palma, president of Chile (1925)
  • Luis Barros Borgoño, acting, president of Chile (1925)
  • Emiliano Figueroa Larraín, president of Chile (1925–27)
  • Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, president of Chile (1927–31, 1952–58)
  • Juan Esteban Montero Rodríguez, president of Chile (1931–32)
  • Arturo Puga Osorio, chairman Junta of the Socialist Republic of Chile (1932)
  • Carlos Gregorio Dávila Espinosa, chairman Junta of the Socialist Republic of Chile, provisional president of the Socialist Republic of Chile (1932)
  • Bartolomé Blanche Espejo, provisional president of Chile (1932)
  • Abraham Oyanedel Urrutia, acting president of Chile (1932)
  • Arturo Alessandri Palma, president of Chile (1932–38)
  • Pedro Aguirre Cerda, president of Chile (1938–41)
  • Jerónimo Méndez Arancibia, acting president of Chile (1941–42)
  • Juan Antonio Ríos Morales, president of Chile (1942–46)
  • Alfredo Duhalde Vásquez, acting president of Chile (1946)
  • Vicente Merino Bielich, acting president of Chile (1946)
  • Juan Antonio Iribarren Cabezas, acting president of Chile (1946)
  • Gabriel González Videla, president of Chile (1946–52)
  • Jorge Alessandri Rodríguez, president of Chile (1958–64)
  • Eduardo Frei Montalva, president of Chile (1964–70)
  • Salvador Allende, president of Chile (1970–73)
  • Augusto Pinochet Ugarte, Junta leader (1973–74), president of Chile (1974–90)
  • José Toribio Merino Castro, Junta leader (1973–74)
  • César Mendoza Durán, Junta leader (1973–74)
  • Gustavo Leigh Guzmán, Junta leader (1973–74)
  • Patricio Aylwin Azócar, president of Chile (1990–94)
  • Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, president of Chile (1994–2000)
  • Ricardo Lagos Escobar, president of Chile (2000–2006)
  • Michelle Bachelet Jeria, president of Chile (2006–2010)
  • Sebastián Piñera Echenique, president of Chile (2010–2014)
  • Michelle Bachelet Jeria, president of Chile (2014– )

Peru

  • Eduardo López de Romaña, president of Peru (1899–03)
  • Manuel Candamo, president of Peru (1903–04)
  • Serapio Calderón, acting president of Peru (1904)
  • José Pardo y Barreda, president of Peru (1904–08)
  • Augusto B. Leguía y Salcedo, president of Peru (1908–12; 1919–30)
  • Guillermo E. Billinghurst, president of Peru (1912–14)
  • Óscar Raymundo Benavides Larrea, president of Peru (1914–15)
  • José Pardo y Barreda, president of Peru (1915–19)
  • Manuel María Ponce Brousset, Peruvian chairman military junta (1930)
  • Luis M. Sánchez Cerro, president of Preu (1930–31)
  • Mariano Holguín Maldonado, Peruvian chairman Transitional Junta (1931)
  • Ricardo Leoncio Elías Arias, Peruvian chairman Transitional Junta (1931)
  • Gustavo A. Jiménez, Peruvian chairman Transitional Junta (1931)
  • David Samanez Ocampo y Sobrino, Peruvian chairman National Junta (1931)
  • Luis M. Sánchez Cerro, president of Peru (1931–33)
  • Óscar Raymundo Benavides Larrea, president of Peru (1933–39)
  • Manuel Prado y Ugarteche, president of Peru (1939–45, 1956–62)
  • José Luis Bustamante y Rivero, president of Peru (1945–48)
  • Manuel Apolinario Odría Amoretti, president of Peru (1948–50; 1950–56)
  • Zenón Noriega Agüero, Peruvian chairman military junta (1950)
  • Ricardo Pío Pérez Godoy, Peruvian junta chairman (1962–63)
  • Nicolás Lindley López, Peruvian junta chairman (1963)
  • Fernando Belaúnde Terry, president of Peru (1963–68, 1980–85)
  • Juan Velasco Alvarado, president of Peru (1968–75)
  • Francisco Morales Bermúdez, president of Peru (1975–80)
  • Alan García Pérez , president of Peru (1985–90)
  • Alberto Fujimori, president of Peru (1990–2000)
  • Valentín Paniagua, president of Peru (2000–2001)
  • Alejandro Toledo, president of Peru (2001–2006)
  • Alan Garcí­a Pérez, president of Peru (2006–2011)
  • Ollanta Humala, president of Peru (2011–2016)
  • Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, president of Peru (2016- )

Uruguay

  • Juan Lindolfo Cuestas, president of Uruguay (1897–99, 1899–1903)
  • José Batlle y Ordóñez, president of Uruguay (1903–07, 1911–15)
  • Claudio Wílliman, president of Uruguay (1907–11)
  • Feliciano Viera, president of Uruguay (1915–19)
  • Baltasar Brum, president of Uruguay (1919–23)
  • José Serrato, president of Uruguay (1923–27)
  • Juan Campisteguy, president of Uruguay (1927–31)
  • Gabriel Terra, president of Uruguay (1931–38)
  • Alfredo Baldomir, president of Uruguay (1938–43)
  • Juan José de Amézaga, president of Uruguay (1943–47)
  • Tomás Berreta, president of Uruguay (1947)
  • Luis Batlle Berres, president of Uruguay (1947–51)
  • Andrés Martínez Trueba, president of Uruguay (1951–52)
  • Andrés Martínez Trueba, president of the National Council (1952–55)
  • Luis Batlle Berres, president of the National Council (1955–56)
  • Alberto Fermín Zubiría, president of the National Council (1957–57)
  • Arturo Lezama, president of the National Council (1957–58)
  • Carlos L. Fischer, president of the National Council (1958–59)
  • Martín R. Echegoyen, president of the National Council (1959–60)
  • Benito Nardone, president of the National Council (1960–61)
  • Eduardo Víctor Haedo, president of the National Council (1961–62)
  • Faustino Harrison, president of the National Council (1962–63)
  • Daniel Fernández Crespo, president of the National Council (1963–64)
  • Luis Giannattasio, president of the National Council (1964–65)
  • Wáshington Beltrán, president of the National Council (1965–66)
  • Alberto Héber Usher, president of the National Council (1966–67)
  • Óscar Diego Gestido, president of Uruguay (1967)
  • Jorge Pacheco Areco, president of Uruguay (1967–72)
  • Juan María Bordaberry Arocena, president of Uruguay (1972–76)
  • Alberto Demicheli, acting president of Uruguay (1976)
  • Aparicio Méndez, president of Uruguay (1976–81)
  • Gregorio Conrado Álvarez Armelino, president of Uruguay (1981–85)
  • Rafael Addiego Bruno, acting president of Uruguay (1985)
  • Julio María Sanguinetti Cairolo, president of Uruguay (1985–90)
  • Luis Alberto Lacalle, president of Uruguay (1990–95)
  • Julio María Sanguinetti Cairolo, president of Uruguay (1995–2000)
  • Jorge Batlle, president of Uruguay (2000–2005)
  • Tabaré Vázquez, president of Uruguay (2005–2010)
  • José Mujica, president of Uruguay (2010–2015)
  • Tabaré Vázquez, president of Uruguay (2015– )

Venezuela

  • Francisco Antonio Zea, acting president of Venezuela (1819)
  • Simón Bolívar, president of Venezuela (1819)
  • José Antonio Páez, president of Venezuela (1830–1835, 1839–1843, 1861–1863)
  • Andrés Narvarte, acting president of Venezuela (1835, 1836–1837)
  • José María Vargas, president of Venezuela (1835, 1935–1936)
  • Pedro Briceño, president of provisional government (1835)
  • Santiago Mariño, Superior Chief of State (1835)
  • José María Carreño, acting president of Venezuela (1835, 1937)
  • Carlos Soublette, acting president of Venezuela (1837–1839, 1843–1847)
  • Santos Michelena, acting president of Venezuela (1843)
  • Diego Bautista Urbaneja, acting president of Venezuela (1847)
  • José Tadeo Monagas, president of Venezuela (1847–1851)
  • Antonio Leocadio Guzmán, acting president of Venezuela (1851)
  • José Gregorio Monaga president of Venezuela (1851–1855, 1855–1858)
  • Joaquín Herrera, acting president of Venezuela (1855)
  • Pedro Gual, president of provisional government (1858), acting president (1859, 1861)
  • Julián Castro, president of Venezuela (1858–1859)
  • Juan Crisóstomo Falcón (1859, 1865–1868), president of provisional government (1863–1865)
  • Manuel Felipe de Tovar, acting president of Venezuela (1859–1861)
  • Antonio Guzmán Blanco, president of Venezuela (1863, 1865, 1870–1877, 1879–1874, 1886–1888), supreme director (1879)
  • Guillermo Tell Villegas, president of Venezuela (1868–1869, 1892)
  • José Ruperto Monagas, acting president of Venezuela (1869–1870)
  • Juan Vicente González, acting president of Venezuela (1870)
  • Esteban Palacios, acting president of Venezuela (1870)
  • Jacinto Gutiérrez Martínez, acting president of Venezuela (1877, 1878–1879)
  • Francisco Linares Alcántara, president of Venezuela (1877–1878)
  • José Gregorio Valera, acting president of Venezuela (1879)
  • Gregorio Cedeño, president of Venezuela (1879)
  • José Rafael Pacheco, president of Venezuela (1879)
  • Joaquín Crespo, president of Venezuela (1884–1886, 1892–1894, 1894–1898)
  • Manuel Antonio Diez, acting president of Venezuela (1886)
  • Juan Pablo Rojas Paúl, president of Venezuela (1880–1890)
  • Raimundo Andueza Palacio, president of Venezuela (1990–1892)
  • Manuel Guzmán Álvarez, acting president of Venezuela (1894, 1898)
  • Ignacio Andrade, president of Venezuela (1898–1899)
  • Víctor Rodríguez Párraga, acting president of Venezuela (1899)
  • Cipriano Castro, president of Venezuela (1899–1909)
  • Juan Vicente Gómez, president of Venezuela (1909–1910, 1910–1914, 1922–1929, 1931–1935)
  • Emilio Constantino Guerrero, acting president of Venezuela (1910)
  • Jesús Ramón Ayala, acting president of Venezuela (1910)
  • Victorino Márquez Bustillos, president of provisional government (1914–1922)
  • Juan Bautista Pérez, president of Venezuela (1929–1931)
  • Pedro Itriago Chacín, acting president of Venezuela (1931)
  • Eleazar López Contreras, president of Venezuela (1935–1936, 1936–1941)
  • Arminio Borjas, acting president of Venezuela (1936)
  • Isaías Medina Angarita, president of Venezuela (1941–1945)
  • Rómulo Betancourt, chairman revolutionary junta (1945–1948), president of Venezuela (1959–1964)
  • Rómulo Gallegos, president of Venezuela (1948)
  • Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, chairman, military junta (1948–1950)
  • German Suárez Flamerich, chairman, military junta (1950–1952)
  • Marcos Pérez Jiménez, president of Venezuela (1952–1958)
  • Wolfgang Larrazábal, chairman, government junta (1958)
  • Edgar Sanabria Arcia, chairman, government junta (1958–1959)
  • Raúl Leoni, president of Venezuela (1964–1969)
  • Rafael Caldera, president of Venezuela (1969–1974, 1994–1999)
  • Carlos Andrés Pérez, president of Venezuela (1974–1979, 1989–1993)
  • Luis Herrera Campins, president of Venezuela (1979–1984)
  • Jaime Lusinchi, president of Venezuela (1984–1989)
  • Octavio Lepage, acting president of Venezuela (1993)
  • Ramón José Velásquez, interim president of Venezuela (1993–1994)
  • Hugo Chávez, president of Venezuela (1999–2013)
  • Nicolás Maduro, president of Venezuela (2013– )