Viktor Yushchenko,

Ukranian reformist politician, was sworn in as president in January, after months of electoral controversy. In the Nov. 21, 2004, runoff election, Prime Minister Yanukovich was reported to have taken 49.5% of the vote, and Yushchenko 46.5%. International monitors declared the elections fraudulent. Hundreds of thousands of Yushchenko's supporters launched massive protests, which became known as the Orange Revolution. In the final presidential runoff on Dec. 26, Yushchenko won 52% of the vote to Yanukovich's 44.2%.