Paul Wolfowitz,

diplomat, in May became head of the World Bank, an international agency charged with overseeing development in third-world countries. Wolfowitz's many critics asserted that his failure to accurately predict the insurgency in Iraq and to prepare for postwar rebuilding undermined his credibility for assuming responsibility for the World Bank. Known for his sharp intelligence and his hawkish views, Wolfowitz had worked for every U.S. president since 1973 except President Clinton.