Matthew Cooper, 2005 News
reporter for TIME magazine, narrowly avoided jail time in July, when a source, later revealed to be Karl Rove, relieved him of his promise of confidentiality. Rove's move allowed Cooper to testify before a grand jury about his reporting on the 2003 disclosure of the identity of CIA operative Valerie Plame Wilson. Judith Miller, of the New York Times, refused to testify and was jailed in Washington. The reporters insisted that confidentiality was essential to freedom of the press.