John Abizaid,

U.S. general, replaced Tommy Franks in July as the commander of allied forces in the Persian Gulf. Abizaid, an Arab-American, is fluent in Arabic. Days after he assumed the post, Abizaid said coalition troops in Iraq were confronting “a classical guerrilla-type campaign” by forces loyal to Saddam Hussein and by terrorist groups. The statement departed from defense secretary Donald Rumsfeld's earlier assessments, which said the attacks were random and unorganized.