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Past U.S. Supreme Court Members

The following table lists former members of the United States Supreme Court, who served the United States since 1789, including the names of Chief and Associate Justices, years of service, place of birth, year of birth and death, and religious affiliation.

See Also: Current U.S. Supreme Court Members

Service Birth
Name, stateAssoc. JusticeChief JusticeYrs Place Date Died Religion
John Jay , N.Y. 1789–1795 5 N.Y. 1745 1829 Episcopal
James Wilson, Pa. 1789–1798 8 Scotland 1742 1798 Episcopal
John Rutledge, S.C.* 1790–179117951 S.C. 1739 1800 Church of England
William Cushing, Mass. 1790–1810 20 Mass. 1732 1810 Unitarian
John Blair, Va. 1790–1796 5 Va. 1732 1800 Presbyterian
James Iredell, N.C. 1790–1799 9 England 1751 1799 Episcopal
Thomas Johnson, Md. 1792–1793 0 Md. 1732 1819 Episcopal
William Paterson, N.J. 1793–1806 13 Ireland 1745 1806 Protestant
Oliver Ellsworth, Conn. 1796–18004 Conn. 1745 1807Congregational
Samuel Chase, Md. 1796–1811 15 Md. 1741 1811 Episcopal
Bushrod Washington, Va. 1799–1829 30 Va. 1762 1829 Episcopal
Alfred Moore, N.C. 1800–1804 3 N.C. 1755 1810 Episcopal
John Marshall, Va. 1801–183534Va.17551835 Episcopal
William Johnson, S.C. 1804–1834 30 S.C. 1771 1834 Presbyterian
Brockholst Livingston, N.Y. 1807–1823 16 N.Y. 1757 1823 Presbyterian
Thomas Todd, Ky. 1807–1826 18 Va. 1765 1826 Presbyterian
Gabriel Duval, Md. 1811–1835 23 Md. 1752 1844 French Protestant
Joseph Story, Mass. 1812–1845 33 Mass. 1779 1845 Unitarian
Smith Thompson, N.Y. 1823–1843 20 N.Y. 1768 1843 Presbyterian
Robert Trimble, Ky. 1826–1828 2 Va. 1777 1828 Protestant
John McLean, Ohio 1830–1861 31 N.J. 1785 1861 Methodist-Epis.
Henry Baldwin, Pa. 1830–1844 14 Conn. 1780 1844 Trinity Church
James M. Wayne, Ga. 1835–1867 32 Ga. 1790 1867 Protestant
Philip P. Barbour, Va. 1836–1841 4 Va. 1783 1841 Episcopal
Roger B. Taney, Md. 1836–186428 Md.1777 1864 Roman Catholic
John Catron, Tenn. 1837–1865 28 Pa. 1786 1865 Presbyterian
John McKinley, Ala. 1837–1852 14 Va. 1780 1852 Protestant
Peter V. Daniel, Va. 1841–1860 18 Va. 1784 1860 Episcopal
Samuel Nelson, N.Y. 1845–1872 27 N.Y. 1792 1873 Protestant
Levi Woodbury, N.H. 1845–1851 5 N.H. 1789 1851 Protestant
Robert C. Grier, Pa. 1846–1870 23 Pa. 1794 1870 Presbyterian
Benjamin R. Curtis, Mass. 1851–1857 5 Mass. 1809 1874 (2)
John A. Campbell, Ala. 1853–1861 8 Ga. 1811 1889 Episcopal
Nathan Clifford, Maine 1858–1881 23 N.H. 1803 1881 (1)
Noah H. Swayne, Ohio 1862–1881 18 Va. 1804 1884 Quaker
Samuel F. Miller, Iowa 1862–1890 28 Ky. 1816 1890 Unitarian
David Davis, Ill. 1862–1877 14 Md. 1815 1886 (4)
Stephen J. Field, Calif. 1863–1897 34 Conn. 1816 1899 Episcopal
Salmon P. Chase, Ohio 1864–18738 N.H. 18081873 Episcopal
William Strong, Pa. 1870–1880 10 Conn. 1808 1895 Presbyterian
Joseph P. Bradley, N.J. 1870–1892 21 N.Y. 1813 1892 Presbyterian
Ward Hunt, N.Y. 1872–1882 9 N.Y. 1810 1886 Episcopal
Morrison R. Waite, Ohio 1874–1888 14Conn. 1816 1888 Episcopal
John M. Harlan, Ky. 1877–1911 33 Ky. 1833 1911 Presbyterian
William B. Woods, Ga. 1880–1887 6 Ohio 1824 1887 Protestant
Stanley Matthews, Ohio 1881–1889 7 Ohio 1824 1889 Presbyterian
Horace Gray, Mass. 1882–1902 20 Mass. 1828 1902 (3)
Samuel Blatchford, N.Y. 1882–1893 11 N.Y. 1820 1893 Presbyterian
Lucius Q. C. Lamar, Miss. 1888–1893 5 Ga. 1825 1893 Methodist
Melville W. Fuller, Ill. 1888–191021 Maine 1833 1910 Episcopal
David J. Brewer, Kan. 1889–1910 20 Asia Minor 1837 1910 Protestant
Henry B. Brown, Mich. 1890–1906 15 Mass. 1836 1913 Protestant
George Shiras, Jr., Pa. 1892–1903 10 Pa. 1832 1924 Presbyterian
Howell E. Jackson, Tenn. 1893–1895 2 Tenn. 1832 1895 Baptist
Edward D. White, La.* 1894–19101910–192126La. 1845 1921 Roman Catholic
Rufus W. Peckham, N.Y. 1895–1909 13 N.Y. 1838 1909 Episcopal
Joseph McKenna, Calif. 1898–1925 26 Pa. 1843 1926 Roman Catholic
Oliver W. Holmes, Mass. 1902–1932 29 Mass. 1841 1935 Unitarian
William R. Day, Ohio 1903–1922 19 Ohio 1849 1923 Protestant
William H. Moody, Mass. 1906–1910 3 Mass. 1853 1917 Episcopal
Horace H. Lurton, Tenn. 1909–1914 4 Ky. 1844 1914 Episcopal
Charles E. Hughes, N.Y.*1910–19161930–194116N.Y. 1862 1948 Baptist
Willis Van Devanter, Wyo. 1910–1937 26 Ind. 1859 1941 Episcopal
Joseph R. Lamar, Ga. 1910–1916 4 Ga. 1857 1916 Ch. of Disciples
Mahlon Pitney, N.J. 1912–1922 10 N.J. 1858 1924 Presbyterian
James C. McReynolds, Tenn. 1914–1941 26 Ky. 1862 1946 Disciples of Christ
Louis D. Brandeis, Mass. 1916–1939 22 Ky. 1856 1941 Jewish
John H. Clarke, Ohio 1916–1922 5 Ohio 1857 1945 Protestant
William H. Taft, Ohio. 1921–19308Ohio 1857 1930Unitarian
George Sutherland, Utah 1922–1938 15 England 1862 1942 Episcopal
Pierce Butler, Minn. 1923–1939 16 Minn. 1866 1939 Roman Catholic
Edward T. Sanford, Tenn. 1923–1930 7 Tenn. 1865 1930 Episcopal
Harlan F. Stone, N.Y.*1925–19411941–194620N.H. 1872 1946 Episcopal
Owen J. Roberts, Pa. 1930–1945 15 Pa. 1875 1955 Episcopal
Benjamin N. Cardozo, N.Y. 1932–1938 6 N.Y. 1870 1938 Jewish
Hugo L. Black, Ala. 1937–1971 34 Ala. 1886 1971 Baptist
Stanley F. Reed, Ky. 1938–1957 19 Ky. 1884 1980 Protestant
Felix Frankfurter, Mass. 1939–1962 23 Austria 1882 1965 Jewish
William O. Douglas, Conn. 1939–1975 36 Minn. 1898 1980 Presbyterian
Frank Murphy, Mich. 1940–1949 9 Mich. 1890 1949 Roman Catholic
James F. Byrnes, S.C. 1941–1942 1 S.C. 1879 1972 Episcopal
Robert H. Jackson, Pa. 1941–1954 13 N.Y. 1892 1954 Episcopal
Wiley B. Rutledge, Iowa 1943–1949 6 Ky. 1894 1949 Unitarian
Harold H. Burton, Ohio 1945–1958 13 Mass. 1888 1964 Unitarian
Frederick M. Vinson, Ky. 1946–19537 Ky.1890 1953 Methodist
Tom C. Clark, Tex. 1949–1967 17 Tex. 1899 1977 Presbyterian
Sherman Minton, Ind. 1949–1956 7 Ind. 1890 1965 Roman Catholic
Earl Warren, Calif. 1953–196915Calif. 1891 1974 Protestant
John M. Harlan, N.Y. 1955–1971 16 Ill. 1899 1971 Presbyterian
William J. Brennan, Jr., N.J. 1956–1990 33 N.J. 1906 1997 Roman Catholic
Charles E. Whittaker, Mo. 1957–1962 5 Kan. 1901 1973 Methodist
Potter Stewart, Ohio 1958–1981 23 Mich. 1915 1985 Episcopal
Byron R. White, Colo. 1962–1993 31Colo. 1917 2002 Episcopal
Arthur J. Goldberg, Ill. 1962–1965 2 Ill. 1908 1990 Jewish
Abe Fortas, Tenn. 1965–1969 3 Tenn. 1910 1982 Jewish
Thurgood Marshall, N.Y. 1967–1991 24 Md. 1908 1993 Episcopal
Warren E. Burger, Va. 1969–198617Minn. 1907 1995 Presbyterian
Harry A. Blackmun, Minn. 1970–1994 24 Ill. 1908 1999Methodist
Lewis F. Powell, Jr., Va. 1972–1987 15 Va. 1907 1998Presbyterian
William H. Rehnquist, Ariz.*1972–19861986–200533Wis. 1924 2005Lutheran
Sandra Day O'Connor, Ariz. 1981–2006 25 Tex. 1930 Episcopal
David H. Souter, N.H. 1990–2009 19Mass.1939Episcopal
John Paul Stevens, Ill. 1975–2010 Ill. 1920 Protestant
Antonin Scalia, DC 1986–2016 30 N.J. 1936 2016 Roman Catholic

Mailing address for the Supreme Court:
U.S. Supreme Court Building, 1 First Street NE
Washington, DC 20543

NOTE: Bold=Chief Justice
*Served as both chief justice and associate justice.
1. Congregational; later Unitarian.
2. Unitarian; then Episcopal.
3. Unitarian or Congregational.
4. Not a member of any church.

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