Some Ancient Civilizations

NameApproximate datesLocationMajor cities
Akkadian2350–2230 B.C.Mesopotamia, parts of
Syria, Asia Minor,
Iran
Akkad, Ur, Erich
Assyrian1800–889 B.C.Mesopotamia, SyriaAssur, Nineveh,
Calah
Babylonian1728–1686 B.C. (old)
625–539 B.C. (new)
Mesopotamia, Syria,
Palestine
Babylon
Cimmerian750–500 B.C.Caucasus, northern Asia
Minor
Egyptian2850–715 B.C.Nile valleyThebes, Memphis,
Tanis
Etruscan900–396 B.C.Northern Italy
Greek 900–200 B.C.GreeceAthens, Sparta,
Thebes, Mycenae,
Corinth
Hittite1640–1200 B.C.Asia Minor, SyriaHattusas, Nesa
Indus Valley3000–1500 B.C.Pakistan,
Northwestern India
Lydian700–547 B.C.Western Asia MinorSardis, Miletus
Mede835–550 B.C.IranMedia
Minoan3000–1100 B.C.CreteKnossos
Persian559–330 B.C.Iran, Asia Minor, SyriaPersepolis,
Pasargadae
Phoenician1100–332 B.C.Palestine (colonies:
Gibraltar, Carthage,
Sardinia)
Tyre, Sidon, Byblos
Phrygian1000–547 B.C.Central Asia MinorGordion
Roman500 B.C.A.D. 300Italy, Mediterranean
region, Asia Minor,
western Europe
Rome, Byzantium
Scythian800–300 B.C.Caucasus
Sumerian3200–2360 B.C.MesopotamiaUr, Nippur

 

 Ancient History