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Some Ancient Civilizations

Name Approximate dates Location Major cities
Akkadian 2350–2230 B.C. Mesopotamia, parts of
Syria, Asia Minor,
Iran
Akkad, Ur, Erich
Assyrian 1800–889 B.C. Mesopotamia, Syria Assur, Nineveh,
Calah
Babylonian 1728–1686 B.C. (old)
625–539 B.C. (new)
Mesopotamia, Syria,
Palestine
Babylon
Cimmerian 750–500 B.C. Caucasus, northern Asia
Minor
Egyptian 2850–715 B.C. Nile valley Thebes, Memphis,
Tanis
Etruscan 900–396 B.C. Northern Italy
Greek 900–200 B.C. Greece Athens, Sparta,
Thebes, Mycenae,
Corinth
Hittite 1640–1200 B.C. Asia Minor, Syria Hattusas, Nesa
Indus Valley 3000–1500 B.C. Pakistan,
Northwestern India
Lydian 700–547 B.C. Western Asia Minor Sardis, Miletus
Mede 835–550 B.C. Iran Media
Minoan 3000–1100 B.C. Crete Knossos
Persian 559–330 B.C. Iran, Asia Minor, Syria Persepolis,
Pasargadae
Phoenician 1100–332 B.C. Palestine (colonies:
Gibraltar, Carthage,
Sardinia)
Tyre, Sidon, Byblos
Phrygian 1000–547 B.C. Central Asia Minor Gordion
Roman 500 B.C.A.D. 300 Italy, Mediterranean
region, Asia Minor,
western Europe
Rome, Byzantium
Scythian 800–300 B.C. Caucasus
Sumerian 3200–2360 B.C. Mesopotamia Ur, Nippur

 

  Ancient History