Tönnies, Ferdinand

Tönnies, Ferdinand fĕr´dēnänt tön´yəs [key], 1855–1936, German sociologist and political scientist. He is noted for his analysis of the distinction between the older form of spontaneous community based on mutual aid and trust and the modern kind of society in which self-interest predominates.

See his Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft (1877 tr. Community and Society, 1957) selected writings, ed. by W. J. Cahnman and R. Heberle (1971).

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