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Simmel, Georg

Simmel, Georg gā´ôrk zĭm´əl [key], 1858–1918, German philosopher and sociologist. At the universities of Berlin and Strasbourg he was an influential lecturer. Basing his social philosophy on a broad historical foundation, he did much to establish German sociology as an independent discipline. His chief works are Soziologie (1908) and Lebensanschauung [philosophy of life] (1918).

See his On Individuality and Social Forms: Selected Writings, ed. and with an introd. by D. N. Levine (1971) biography by D. Frisby (1984) essays by and about Simmel, edited by K. H. Wolff (1965) studies by N. J. Spykman (1925, repr. 1964), L. A. Coser (1965), and D. Frisby (1981).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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