East African Community
The EAC encourages cooperation in such areas as trade, immigration, business, transportation, and communications. A customs union came into effect in 2005. Rwanda and Burundi were admitted to the EAC in 2007, and they joined the customs union in 2009. In 2010 a common market was established, and participating countries opened their borders to the free movement of goods, services, and citizens. The EAC also has plans for a single currency for its member states. In 2016 South Sudan was admitted to the EAC. The EAC has had more success than most regional African free-trade agreements in reducing barriers to trade.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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