Berthelot, Pierre Eugne Marcelin
Berthelot, Pierre Eugne Marcelin py?r zh?n mrs?l?N b?rt?l? [key], 1827?1907, French chemist. He was professor at the cole Suprieure de Pharmacie (1859) and at the Collge de France from 1865. In 1900 he became a member of the French Academy. A founder of modern organic chemistry, he was one of the first to produce organic compounds synthetically (including the carbon compounds methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol, benzene, and acetylene), playing a major role in dispelling the old theory of a vital force inherent in organic compounds. He also did valuable work in thermochemistry and in explosives. His writings include Chimie organique fonde sur la synthse (1860) and Leons sur la thermochimie (1897).
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