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Montgolfier, Joseph Michel

Montgolfier, Joseph Michel zhôzĕf´ mēshĕl´ môNgôlfyā´ [key], 1740–1810, and Jacques Étienne Montgolfier zhäk ātyĕn´ [key], 1745–99, French inventors, brothers. Together they invented the first practical balloon . On June 5, 1783, they sent up at Annonay, near Lyons, a large linen bag inflated with hot air its flight covered more than a mile and lasted 10 min. In the same year a Montgolfier balloon sailed over Paris in the first manned free balloon flight.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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