acetone

acetone ăs´ĭtōn [key], dimethyl ketone dīmĕth´əl kē´tōn [key], or 2-propanone prō´pənōn [key], CH 3COCH 3, colorless, flammable liquid. Acetone melts at −94.8°C and boils at 56.2°C. It is the simplest aliphatic ketone . Acetone is widely used in industry as a solvent for numerous organic substances and is a component of most paint and varnish removers. It is used in the manufacture of synthetic resins and fillers, smokeless powders (e.g., cordite), and numerous other organic compounds. Acetone is produced commercially chiefly by catalytic dehydrogenation of isopropanol.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Organic Chemistry

Browse by Subject

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.