See J. L. Blau, Modern Varieties of Judaism (1966), M. M. Kaplan, Judaism as a Civilization (2d ed. 1957, repr. 1967), J. Neusner, There We Sat Down (1972) and Judaism: An Introduction (2002), R. Seltzer, Jewish People, Jewish Thought (1980), A. Eisen, The Chosen People in America (1983), M. A. Meyer, Response to Modernity: A History of the Reform Movement (1988), G. Robinson, Essential Judaism (2000), and M. Goodman, A History of Judaism (2018); J. R. Baskin and K. Seeskin, ed., The Cambridge Guide to Jewish History, Religion, and Culture (2010).
- The Early Period
- The Postexilic Period
- After the Destruction of the Second Temple
- The Middle Ages
- The Reform Movement and Zionism
- Modern Judaism
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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