king) was first applied to all who followed the emperor Marcian in accepting the Council of Chalcedon (451) and came back into use in the 18th cent. to designate that segment of the Orthodox Eastern Church that reunited with Rome; it is now, however, also sometimes applied to the Orthodox of Syria and Egypt. Like the Maronites and the Syrian Catholics (see Jacobite Church), the Melchite community has its own hierarchy under the pope and its own rite.
See D. Attwater, The Christian Churches of the East, Vol. I (1947).
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