Jesus or Jesus Christjē´zəs krīst, jē´zəz [key], 1st-century Jewish teacher and prophet in whom Christians have traditionally seen the Messiah [Heb.,=annointed one, whence Christ from the Greek] and whom they have characterized as Son of God and as Word or Wisdom of God incarnate. Muslims acknowledge him as a prophet, and Hindus as an avatar (see avatara). He was born just before the death of King Herod the Great (37 BC–4 BC) and was crucified after a brief public ministry during Pontius Pilate's term as prefect of Judaea (AD 26–36).
Sections in this article:
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Early Christianity: Biographies