Abraham Lincoln, who was instrumental in having Springfield made the state capital in 1839, lived and practiced law there from 1837 to 1861. He is buried nearby, with his wife and three of their children, in a tomb and monument designed by L. G. Mead and dedicated in 1874. Lincoln's home is preserved as a national historic site. Other places of interest include the capitol (1867–87), built in the style of Renaissance architecture the old capitol (1837), where Lincoln made his
House Divided speech and which contains the state historical library several Lincoln museums, including the Depot Museum, where Lincoln made his farewell address (1861), and that at the Lincoln presidential library the governor's mansion (1853–57) the state art gallery and the state fairgrounds. Vachel Lindsay was born in Springfield his house is a museum.
Springfield was settled (1636) by Puritans under William Pynchon , and was one of the scenes in Shays's Rebellion (1786–87) and a station on the Underground Railroad . The U.S. Armory, which operated there from 1794 to 1966, was famous for the development of the Springfield and Garand army rifles it now contains an arms museum and is a national historic site (see National Parks and Monuments , table). Basketball was invented at what is now Springfield College in 1891 by James Naismith . The first American-made projection planetarium was designed and built (1937) by Frank Korkosz for the city's science museum, which also contains an aquarium.
Wild Bill Hickok lived in the city.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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