South Bend

South Bend, city (1990 pop. 105,511), seat of St. Joseph co., N Ind., on the great south bend of the St. Joseph River, in a farming and mint-growing region inc. as a city 1865. An industrial city, its products include transportation equipment metal, plastic, electrical, electronic, wood, paper, and glass products consumer goods machinery chemicals foods and building materials. There are also precious metal recycling, steel processing, custom embroidering, and meat processing industries. The Studebaker manufacturing corporation, founded there in 1852, was a major producer of automobiles in the 20th cent. until production ceased in 1963. LaSalle , the French explorer, camped in the area in 1679. South Bend was settled c.1820 as a post of the American Fur Company on the site of a French mission and trading post. The old St. Joseph County Courthouse (1855) houses a museum. South Bend is the seat of the Univ. of Notre Dame, with its famous football team, athletic facilities, art gallery, and huge library. St. Mary's College and a campus of Indiana Univ. are also in the city.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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