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Saint Joseph

Saint Joseph sānt jō´zəf [key]. 1 City (1990 pop. 9,214), seat of Berrien co., SW Mich., a port on Lake Michigan at the mouth of the St. Joseph River across from Benton Harbor inc. 1834. Located in a fruit-growing region, it is a resort with beaches and mineral springs. Auto parts, machinery, and swimming pools are produced. Native American villages, a Jesuit mission, Fort Miami (1679), and a fur-trading post occupied the site before permanent American settlement began c.1830. A campus of Western Michigan Univ. is there.

2 City (1990 pop. 71,852), seat of Buchanan co., NW Mo., on the Missouri River inc. 1845. It is the trade center of a rich agricultural and farming area. The city is a large market for livestock and grain, and has meatpacking and food- and leather-processing plants. Among its manufactures are electrical products, machinery, chemicals, clothing, and pet food. The city was laid out c.1843 on the site of a trading post founded (1826) by Joseph Robidoux. In 1860, St. Joseph became the eastern terminus of the pony express . The city was also an early, important railroad center until bypassed by the transcontinental railroad. Of interest are the pony-express stables (now a museum), the poet Eugene Field 's home, and the city museum with noted Native American relics. Missouri Western State College is there.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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