New Smyrna Beach

New Smyrna Beach smûr´nə [key], city (1990 pop. 16,543), Volusia co., NE Fla., on Indian River (a lagoon part of the Intracoastal Waterway) and on Ponce de Leon Inlet of the Atlantic Ocean inc. 1903. It is a center for citrus-fruit packing and has commercial fishing and seafood-processing industries as well as varied light manufacturing. It is also a tourist city, with 8 mi (11.3 km) of white sand beaches. A Spanish Franciscan mission was established there in 1696. Colonists arrived in 1767, but the settlement did not prosper until the advent of the railroad in the mid-19th cent. Of interest in the area are a huge Native American mound made of shells and artifacts, and the ruins of a Spanish fort (c.1565).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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