Fairmont, city (1990 pop. 20,210), seat of Marion co., N central W.Va., where the West Fork and Tygart rivers form the Monongahela settled 1793 around Prickett's Fort (1774), inc. as Fairmont 1843. Coal mining has been central to Fairmont's economy, but restrictions on the use of high-sulfur bituminous coal have caused an industry decline other industries make transportation and electrical equipment, fabricated metals, machinery, and glass. A Union supply depot in the Civil War, Fairmont was raided by Confederate cavalry in 1863. In 1907 a mine explosion nearby resulted in almost 400 deaths. Fairmont State College is there.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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