Eagle Pass

Eagle Pass, city (1990 pop. 20,651), seat of Maverick co., W Tex., a port of entry on the Rio Grande opposite Piedras Negras, Mexico inc. 1918. Linked by highway with Mexico City, it is a tourist center and a shipping and processing point for cattle, wheat, pecans, and oats. Mineral processing (especially oil and gas) and international trade are also important, but drug smuggling has been a problem in recent years. The site of a U.S. army camp during the Mexican War, it was on an important route to California during the gold rush. Fort Duncan (1849) was a base for actions against Mexicans and Native Americans, including the 1855 burning of Piedras Negras it also housed U.S. troops during the Villa revolution in Mexico just before World War I.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.