Cite
 

National Parks and Monuments

National Parks and Monuments
National Parks
NameType1LocationYear authorizedSize
acres (hectares)
Description
AcadiaNPSE Maine191948,419 (19,603)Mountain and coast scenery.
American SamoaNPAmerican Samoa19889,000 (3,645)Two rain forest preserves and a coral reef.
ArchesNPE Utah192976,519 (30,979)Giant arches formed by erosion designated a national park in 1971.
BadlandsNPSW S.Dak.1929242,756 (98,316)Gullies, ridges, and other erosional landforms fossils. See badlands.
Big BendNPW Tex.1935801,163 (324,471)Canyons and desert plain on the Rio Grande Chisos Mts. Designated a national park in 1944.
BiscayneNPSE Fla.1968172,924 (70,010)Aquatic park encompassing 25 islands. Example of a living coral reef includes part of Biscayne Bay. Enlarged and designated a national park in 1980.
Black Canyon of the GunnisonNPW Colo.193330,300 (12,272)Deep, narrow canyon of the Gunnison River, named for its dark-colored walls, which are always in shadow designated a national park in 1999.
Bryce CanyonNPSW Utah192435,835 (14,513)Canyon with colored walls and rock formations.
CanyonlandsNPSE Utah1964337,598 (136,679)Rocks, spires, and mesas Native American rock art and ruins.
Capitol ReefNPS Utah1937241,904 (97,971)Highly colored sandstone cliffs dissected by gorges named for a white, dome-shaped rock.
Carlsbad CavernsNPSE N.Mex.192346,766 (18,940)Great limestone caverns. Designated a national park in 1930.
Cuyahoga ValleyNPNE Ohio197432,950 (13,334)Preserves rural character of Cuyahoga River Valley.
Channel IslandsNPSW Calif.1938249,354 (100,988)Part of the Santa Barbara Islands. Nesting sea birds, sea lions, and unique plants.
Crater LakeNPSW Oreg.1902183,224 (74,206)Blue lake in a volcanic crater.
CongareeNPCentral S.C.197621,888 (8,862)Last significant tract of southern bottomland hardwood forest in the United States.
Death ValleyNPSE Calif., SW Nev.19333,367,628 (1,363,412)Lowest point in Western Hemisphere desert environment.
DenaliPPS Alaska19176,075,690 (2,459,794)Contains Denali (Mt. McKinley), North America's highest mountain (20,310 ft/6,190 m) wildlife preserve.
Dry TortugasNPS Fla.193564,701 (26,195)Contains Fort Jefferson, the largest all-masonry fort in the Western Hemisphere, built 1846. See Dry Tortugas.
EvergladesPES Fla.19341,508,580 (610,761)Subtropical wilderness with prairies, mangroves, great variety of birds. See Everglades.
Gates of the ArcticPPN Alaska19788,472,527 (3,430,173)Vast wilderness within the Arctic Circle.
GlacierNPNW Mont.19101,013,572 (410,497)Glaciers, forests, and lakes on the Continental Divide.
Glacier BayPPSE Alaska19253,283,246 (1,329,249)Glaciers, ice displays.
Grand CanyonNPNW Ariz.19081,217,403 (492,876)Great gorge of the Colorado River. See Grand Canyon.
Grand TetonNPNW Wyo.1929309,993 (125,503)Scenic portion of the Teton Range Jackson Hole.
Great BasinNPNev.198677,180 (31,258)Features Lehman Caves, an ice field on Wheeler Peak, ancient bristlecone pines, and a limestone arch. See Great Basin.
Great Sand DunesPPS Colo.193284,670 (34,257)Large, high sand dunes in the Sangre de Cristo Mts.
Great Smoky MountainsNPN.C., Tenn.1926521,621 (211,183)Wild, beautiful area in the Great Smoky Mountains.
Guadalupe MountainsNPW Tex.196686,416 (34,998)Mountain region contains a limestone fossil reef.
HaleakalaNPMaui Island, Hawaii191629,824 (12,074)Haleakala crater rare and endangered species.
Hawaii VolcanoesNPHawaii Island, Hawaii1916209,695 (84,926)Volcanic region lush vegetation.
Hot SpringsNPW central Ark.19215,549 (2,247)Mineral springs.
Isle RoyaleNPNW Mich.1931571,790 (231,575)Forested island in Lake Superior.
Joshua TreeNPS Calif.19361,022,703 (414,050)Rare Joshua trees, or praying plants named by Mormons because of upstretched arms.
KatmaiPPSE Alaska19184,093,229 (1,657,178)Deep forest with lakes and active volcanoes.
Kenai FjordsNPS Alaska1978669,983 (271,248)Wilderness preserve, vast ice fields, fjords, and outflowing glaciers.
Kings CanyonNPE central Calif.1890461,901 (187,070)Canyons, peaks, sequoias.
Kobuk ValleyNPNW Alaska19781,750,737 (709,048)A wildlife preserve north of the Arctic Circle archaeological remnants of 10,000 years of human habitation.
Lake ClarkPPS Alaska19784,030,058 (1,631,602)Waterfalls, tundra, and active volcanoes.
Lassen VolcanicNPN Calif.1907106,372 (43,081)Volcanic peaks and lava formations.
Mammoth CaveNPCentral Ky.192652,830 (21,396)Longest recorded cave system in the world.
Mesa VerdeNPSW Colo.190652,122 (21,109)Prehistoric cliff dwellings.
Mount RainierNPSW Wash.1899235,625 (95,395)Volcanic peak and glaciers subalpine meadows.
North CascadesNPN Wash.1968504,781 (204,436)Area of noted alpine scenery in the Cascade Range bisected by Ross Lake National Recreation Area.
OlympicNPNW Wash.1909922,651 (373,674)Rain forests and glaciers in the Olympic Mountains.
Petrified ForestNPE Ariz.190693,533 (37,881)Petrified logs portions of the Painted Desert.
PinnaclesNPW Calif.190826,006 (10,524)Rock spires from 500 to 1,200 ft (150 to 365 m) high caves.
RedwoodNPNW Calif.1968112,430 (45,518)Coastal redwood forests.
Rocky MountainNPCentral Colo.1915265,723 (107,580)Scenic Rocky Mountains region on the Continental Divide many high, snowcapped peaks.
SaguaroNPSE Ariz.193391,443 (37,021)Saguaro, other cacti, varied desert growth.
SequoiaNPE Calif.1890402,510 (162,960)Groves of giant sequoias.
ShenandoahNPN Va.1926198,081 (80,195)Forested region of the Blue Ridge Mts.
Theodore RooseveltNPW N.Dak.194770,447 (28,531)Part of Roosevelt's Elkhorn Ranch badlands along the Little Missouri River.
Virgin IslandsNPVirgin Islands, on St. John195614,689 (5,949)Unusual scenery, marine life, coral gardens ruins of Danish colonial sugar plantations.
VoyageursNPN Minn.1971218,200 (88,340)Scenic northern lakes region interesting glacial features and history.
Wind CaveNPSW S.Dak.190328,295 (11,459)Limestone caverns in the Black Hills.
Wrangell–St. EliasPPSW Alaska197813,176,371 (5,334,563)Largest unit in the National Park System numerous peaks over 16,000 ft (4,900 m), abundant wildlife.
YellowstoneNPWyo., Mont., Idaho18722,219,791 (899,015)Geysers and hot springs, Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone first national park.
YosemiteNPE Central Calif.1890761,266 (308,205)Mountain region with Yosemite Valley.
ZionNPSW Utah1909146,592 (59,349)Multicolored canyon in a desert region.
National Monuments
NameType1LocationYear authorizedSize
acres (hectares)
Description
Agate Fossil BedsMONW Nebr.19653,055 (1,237)World-famous quarries containing numerous well-preserved Miocene mammal fossils museum of Native American artifacts.
Agua FriaMOCentral Ariz.200071,100 (28,796)A Native American settlement system dating to AD 1250–1450, spread over two mesas and the Agua Fria River canyon more than 450 sites with pueblos, stone forts, and petroglyphs.
Alibates Flint QuarriesMONW Tex.19651,371 (555)Flint quarries, first worked by Native Americans c.10,000 years ago rich archaeological and historic area.
AniakchakMRSW Alaska1978602,779 (244,040)Volcano wilderness and wildlife preserve.
Aztec RuinsMONW N.Mex.1923319 (129)Ruins of a Pueblo town.
BandelierMON N.Mex.191633,677 (13,634)Ruins of 13th-century Pueblo cliff dwellings.
Booker T. WashingtonMOCentral Va.1956224 (91)Birthplace and childhood home of Booker T. Washington.
Buck Island ReefMOVirgin Islands, on Buck Island1961880 (356)One of the finest marine gardens in the Caribbean bird rookeries and grottoes.
CabrilloMOSW Calif.1913137 (55)Memorial to Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo.
California CoastalMOW Calif.2000Thousands of islands, rocks, and reefs within 12 mi (19 km) of California's 840-mi (1,350-km) coastline as well as Point Arena-Stornetta on the mainland includes nesting grounds of seabirds and marine mammals.
Canyon de ChellyMONE Ariz.193183,840 (33,955)Ruins of prehistoric Native American villages.
Canyons of the AncientsMOSW Colo.2000164,000 (66,420)Rugged landscape that is archaeologically rich, with some sites dating to 10,000 years ago later pit houses, cliff dwellings, and pueblos.
Cape KrusensternMOAlaska1978649,182 (262,828)Archaeological sites of indigenous communities dating back 4,000 years.
Capulin VolcanoMONE N.Mex.1916793 (321)Huge cinder cone of inactive volcano.
Carrizo PlainMOW central Calif.2001204,000 (82,560)Grasslands and wetlands, including akali Soda Lake, in Central Valley. Home to threatened or endangered species.
Casa GrandeMOS Ariz.1892473 (191)Huge building built c.600 years ago, in the ruins of a Native American pueblo.
Cascade-SiskiyouMOS central Oregon200052,000 (21,060)A biologically diverse and ecologically unique area that also includes Soda Mountain, Pilot Rock, and Siskiyou Pass.
Castillo de San MarcosMONE Fla.192420 (8)Old Spanish masonry fort in Saint Augustine, Fla.
Castle ClintonMOSE N.Y.19461 (.4)See Battery, the.
Cedar BreaksMOSW Utah19336,155 (2,493)Amphitheater (2,000 ft/610 m deep) formed by erosion.
ChiricahuaMOSE Ariz.192411,985 (4,854)Odd-shaped rock formations.
ColoradoMOW Colo.191120,534 (8,313)Huge monoliths and other unusual erosional features.
Craters of the MoonMOS Idaho192453,440 (21,636)Volcanic cones, craters, fissures, lava flows.
Devils PostpileMOE Calif.1911798 (323)Basaltic columns, some 60 ft (18 m) high.
Devils TowerMONE Wyo.19061,347 (546)Volcanic rock tower first national monument.
DinosaurMOColo., Utah1915210,278 (85,133)Rich quarries of well-preserved fossils.
Effigy MoundsMONE Iowa19491,481 (600)Outstanding examples of prehistoric Native American mounds.
El MalpaisMON.Mex.1987114,277 (46,282)In English, the badlands volcanic area also rich in Pueblo history.
El MorroMOW N.Mex.19061,279 (518)Sandstone monolith with inscriptions of Spanish explorers and American pioneers.
Florissant Fossil BedsMOCentral Colo.19695,998 (2,429)Well-preserved insect, seed, and leaf fossils of the Oligocene period petrified sequoia tree stumps.
Fort FredericaMOSE Ga.1936241 (98)Ruins of a fort built by James Oglethorpe on one of the Sea Islands.
Fort McHenryMON Md.192543 (17)See Fort McHenry.
Fort MatanzasMONE Fla.1924228 (92)Spanish fort in Saint Augustine, Fla.
Fort PulaskiMOSE Ga.19245,623 (2,277)Fort on Cockspur Island. See Fort Pulaski.
Fort StanwixMOCentral N.Y.193516 (6)See Fort Stanwix.
Fort SumterMOSE S.C.1948195 (79)Scene of the engagement that opened the Civil War. See Fort Sumter.
Fort UnionMONW N.Mex.1954721 (292)Ruins of a U.S. army fort on the Santa Fe Trail.
Fossil ButteMOW Wyo.19728,198 (3,320)Area containing Paleocene-Eocene fossil fish.
George Washington BirthplaceMOE Va.1930627 (254)Estate and reconstructed mansion. See Wakefield.
George Washington CarverMOSW Mo.1943210 (85)Birthplace and boyhood home of George Washington Carver.
Giant SequoiaMOE Calif.2000328,000 (132,742)Last remaining 34 groves of ancient sequoia trees within Sequoia National Forest.
Gila Cliff DwellingsMOSW N.Mex.1907533 (216)Well-preserved dwellings built by the Pueblo into a 150-ft (46-m) cliff.
Governors IslandMOSE N.Y.200322 (9)Early 1800s fortifications in New York harbor and their surroundings.
Grand Canyon–ParashantMONW Ariz.20001,014,000 (410,670)Canyons, mountains, and buttes on the W portion of the Grand Canyon's north rim. Prehistoric and 19th-century remains rare condors and tortoises.
Grand PortageMONE Minn.1951710 (288)9-mi (14-km) portage on the route to the Northwest used by explorers, missionaries, and fur traders.
Grand Staircase–EscalanteMOS Utah19961,700,000 (688,000)Rock formations natural arches and bridges prehistoric dwellings and rock art fossil sites.
Hagerman Fossil BedsMOS Idaho19884,351 (1,762)Fossils dating from the Pliocene era.
Hanford ReachMOS central Wash.2000195,000 (78,975)Free-flowing nontidal stretch of the Columbia River with salmon spawing grounds and the shrub-steppe ecosystem originally typical of the river basin.
Hohokam PimaMOCentral Ariz.19721,690 (684)Archaeological remains of the Hohokam culture.
HomesteadMOSE Nebr.1936195 (79)Site of the first farm claimed under the Homestead Act.
HonouliuliMOOahu, Hawaii2015Site of a World War II internment and prisoner of war camp that held Japanese and European American citizens and immigrants.
HovenweepMOUtah, Colo.1923785 (318)Prehistoric Native American pueblos and cliff dwellings.
Ironwood ForestMOS Ariz.2000129,000 (52,245)Mountainous desert landscape with large stands of ironwood trees saguaro forests and bighorn sheep historic Hohokam sites.
Jewel CaveMOSW S.Dak.19081,274 (516)Limestone caves with chambers connected by narrow passages in the Black Hills.
John Day Fossil BedsMON central Oregon197414,014 (5,676)Consists of Sheep Rock, Painted Hills, and Clarno locations. Its rich fossil remains extend over four prehistoric periods.
Kasha-Katuwe Tent RocksMON central N.Mex.20014,114 (1,665)Canyons, cliffs, and cone-shaped rock formations with nesting birds.
Lava BedsMON Calif.192546,560 (18,857)Examples of volcanism scene of Modoc uprising.
Little Bighorn BattlefieldMOSE Mont.1879765 (310)Site of the battle between five companies of the Seventh Cavalry, commanded by George Armstrong Custer, and the Sioux and Cheyenne.
Minidoka InternmentMOS Idaho200173 (30)Site of a World War II internment camp for Japanese Americans. See relocation center.
Montezuma CastleMOCentral Ariz.1906858 (347)Well-preserved prehistoric cliff dwellings.
Muir WoodsMOW Calif.1908554 (224)Virgin stand of coastal redwoods.
Natural BridgesMOSE Utah19087,636 (3,093)Three huge natural sandstone bridges.
NavajoMONE Ariz.1909360 (146)Ruins of large cliff dwellings.
NewberryMOCentral Oregon199050,500 (20,453)Caldera of a 500 sq mi (1,300 sq km) volcano, with lava flows, cinder cones, and the Lava Cast Forest.
OcmulgeeMOCentral Ga.1934702 (284)Remains of prehistoric temple mounds.
Oregon CavesMOSW Oreg.1909488 (198)Limestone caverns with four levels rock formations.
Organ Pipe CactusMOS Ariz.1937330,689 (133,929)Unique Sonoran Desert plants and animals.
PetroglyphMON.Mex.19907,232 (2,928)More than 15,000 prehistoric and historic Native American and Hispanic petroglyphs and rock art carvings.
Pipe SpringMONW Ariz.192340 (16)Spring first visited by the Mormons old fort.
PipestoneMOSW Minn.1937282 (114)Quarry that was a source for Native American peace pipes park includes Upper Midwest Indian Cultural Center.
Pompeys PillarMOS central Mont.200151 (21)Large sandstone butte on Yellowstone River with inscription by William Clark.
Poverty PointMONE La.1988911 (369)Remains of a 2d millenium BC culture.
President Lincoln and Soldier's HomeMOWashington, D.C.20002.3 (.9)Historic Anderson Cottage, used as a summer retreat by Lincoln and other presidents.
PullmanMOChicago, Ill.2015203 (82)America's first planned industrial town factories and buildings associated with the Pullman Palace Car Company.
Rainbow BridgeMOS Utah1910160 (65)Pink sandstone arch.
Russell CaveMONE Ala.1961310 (126)Cave containing a nearly continuous archaeological record of human habitation from about 7000 BC to AD 1650.
Salinas Pueblo MissionsMOCentral N.Mex.19091,071 (434)Four 17th-century mission churches and ruins of three Pueblo villages.
Scotts BluffMOW Nebr.19193,003 (1,216)Landmark on the Oregon Trail.
Sonoran DesertMOSW Ariz.2001486,000 (196,684)Biologically diverse desert with mountain ranges and lowland valleys. Historical and archaeological remains.
Statue of LibertyMOSE N.Y.192458 (23)See Liberty, Statue of.
Sunset Crater VolcanoMON Ariz.19303,040 (1,231)Volcanic cinder cone with multicolored crater.
Timpanogos CaveMON Utah1922250 (101)Limestone cavern on Mt. Timpanogos.
TontoMOCentral Ariz.19071,120 (454)Well-preserved 14th-century cliff dwellings built by Native Americans in the Salt River valley.
TuzigootMOCentral Ariz.1939801 (324)Excavated ruins of a large Native American pueblo.
Upper Missouri River BreaksMON central Mont.2001377,346 (152,825)Rugged, remote ecosystem paralleling the Upper Missouri National Wild and Scenic River explored by Lewis and Clark.
U.S. Virgin Islands Coral ReefMOVirgin Islands, off St. John200112,000 (4,856)Mangroves, sea grass beds, and coral reefs, home to many sea animals and birds.
Vermilion CliffsMON Ariz.2000293,000 (118,577)Remote cliffs, plateaus, canyons, and desert grasslands fossilized dinosaur footprints.
Walnut CanyonMON Ariz.19153,579 (1,449)12th-century Sinagua cliff dwellings.
White SandsMOS N.Mex.1933143,733 (58,212)Wind-drifted gypsum sands.
WupatkiMON Ariz.192435,422 (14,341)Several prehistoric pueblos.
Yucca HouseMOSW Colo.191934 (14)Unexcavated ruins of a prehistoric Native American village.
National and International Historic Sites and Historical Parks
NameType1LocationYear authorizedSize
acres (hectares)
Description
Abraham Lincoln BirthplaceHSCentral Ky.1916117 (47)Traditional birthplace cabin in memorial building on site of Lincoln's birthplace.
AdamsHPE Mass.194614 (6)Home of Presidents John Adams, John Quincy Adams, and other members of the family.
Allegheny Portage RailroadHSSW Pa.19641,249 (506)Inclined-plane railroad that lifted passengers and cargoes of boats on the Pennsylvania Canal over the Allegheny Mts.
AndersonvilleHSSW Ga.1970495 (200)Civil War prison camp and national prisoner of war memorial. See under Andersonville.
Andrew JohnsonHSNE Tenn.193517 (7)Home, shop, and grave of President Andrew Johnson site includes Andrew Johnson National Cemetery.
Appomattox Court HouseHPS central Va.19301,775 (719)Site of Lee's surrender to Grant. See under Appomattox, Va.
Bent's Old FortHSSE Colo.1960799 (323)Fur-trading post and rest station on the Santa Fe Trail built c.1830 by Charles Bent and William Bent. See Bent's Fort.
BostonHPE Mass.197441 (17)Many sites include Old South Meeting House, the home of Paul Revere, obelisk commemorating the Battle of Bunker Hill, and part of the Charlestown Navy Yard.
Boston African AmericanHSE Mass.1980.38 (.15)Site features oldest African-American church in the United States and the Black Heritage Trail.
Brown v. Board of EducationHSNE Kansas19922 (.8)See Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.
Cane River CreoleHPSE La.1994207 (84)Plantations and other sites associated with the development of creole culture.
Carl Sandburg HomeHSSW N.C.1968264 (107)Farm home of author Carl Sandburg.
Chaco CultureHPNW N.Mex.190733,974 (13,759)13 pre-Columbian ruins of the Ancestral Pueblo peoples. Ruins representing the highest point of Pueblo prehistoric civilization (AD 900–1000).
Charles PinckneyHSSE S.C.198828 (11)Home and estate of American diplomat and framer of the Constitution.
Chesapeake and Ohio CanalHPD.C., Md., W.Va.193819,236 (7,791)See Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. Proclaimed a national monument in 1961, a national historical park in 1971.
ChristianstedHSVirgin Islands, on St. Croix195227 (11)Commemorates the Virgin Islands' colonial development, especially under Danish rule in the 18th and 19th cent.
Clara BartonHSS Md.19749 (4)Home and offices of the founder of the American Red Cross.
ColonialHPSE Va.19309,350 (3,785)Historic Yorktown, Jamestown, and Cape Henry. Colonial Parkway connects some sites with Williamsburg.
Cumberland GapHPKy., Tenn., Va.194020,454 (8,281)Mountain pass of the Wilderness Road. See Cumberland Gap.
Dayton Aviation HeritageHPW Ohio199286 (35)Site honors life and work of the Wright brothers, as well as poet Paul Laurence Dunbar.
Edgar Allan PoeHSSE Pa.1978.52 (.21)In 1843, Poe lived here and wrote several of his most famous stories.
EdisonHSNE N.J.196221 (9)Buildings and equipment used by Thomas A. Edison.
EisenhowerHSS Pa.1969690 (279)Home and farm of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Eleanor RooseveltHSS N.Y.1977181 (73)Her personal retreat including two restored buildings, tennis court, rose garden, and playhouse.
Eugene O'NeillHSN Calif.197613 (5)Restored home of the playwright.
Ford's TheatreHSWashington, D.C.1970.29 (.12)Site of President Abraham Lincoln's assassination and death includes the Lincoln Museum.
Fort BowieHSSE Ariz.19641,000 (405)Ruins of a fort (est. 1862) that was the base of military operations against Geronimo and his followers.
Fort DavisHSW Tex.1961474 (192)Key post in the defensive system of W Texas, guarding (1854–91) the San Antonio–El Paso road through the Davis Mts.
Fort LaramieHSSE Wyo.1938833 (337)Buildings of an old fort on the Oregon Trail.
Fort LarnedHSCentral Kansas1964718 (291)Protected the Santa Fe Trail served as a military base during the Plains War (1860s) and later as an Indian Bureau administrative center.
Fort PointHSW Calif.197029 (12)Brick and granite mid-19th-century coastal fortification.
Fort RaleighHSNE N.C.1941513 (208)Site of the first attempted settlement by the English in North America. See Roanoke Island.
Fort ScottHSSE Kansas196517 (7)Commemorates historic events in Kansas prior to and during the Civil War.
Fort SmithHSNW Ark.196175 (30)One of the first U.S. military posts in the Louisiana Purchase maintained law and order in the Oklahoma Territory. See Fort Smith, Ark.
Fort Union Trading PostHSN.Dak., Mont.1966442 (179)American Fur Company trading post during the 19th cent.
Fort VancouverHSSW Wash.1948209 (85)Site of a Hudson's Bay Company post (1825–49) and later of a U.S. army fort.
Frederick DouglassHSWashington, D.C.19629 (4)Home of the abolitionist and writer contains original furnishings, photographs, lithographs, and his library.
Frederick Law OlmstedHSE Mass.19797 (2.8)Site of Olmsted's home and business containing lithographs and original furnishings.
Friendship HillHSSW Pa.1978675 (273)Home of Albert Gallatin, U.S. secretary of the treasury under Presidents Jefferson and Madison.
George Rogers ClarkHPSW Ind.196626 (11)Memorial near the site of old Fort Sackville, seized from the British by General G. R. Clark in 1779.
Golden SpikeHSN Utah19572,735 (1,108)Site where the Union Pacific RR and the Central Pacific RR joined to form the first transcontinental railroad.
Grant-Kohrs RanchHSW Mont.19721,618 (655)Headquarters of one of the largest 19th-century range ranches.
HamptonHSNE Md.194862 (25)Late-18th-century Georgian mansion.
Harpers FerryHPMd., W.Va.19442,343 (949)See Harpers Ferry.
Harry S. TrumanHSMo.19837 (3)Home of Harry S. Truman from 1919 until 1972.
Herbert HooverHSE Iowa1965187 (76)Birthplace, childhood home, and burial place of President Herbert Hoover.
Home of Franklin D. RooseveltHSSE N.Y.1944349 (141)Home, Summer White House, and burial place of Franklin D. and Eleanor Roosevelt. See Hyde Park.
Hopewell CultureHPS Ohio19231,245 (504)Prehistoric burial mounds of Hopewell people.
Hopewell FurnaceHSSE Pa.1938848 (343)19th-century iron-making site with reconstructed buildings and furnished cottages.
Hubbell Trading PostHSNE Ariz.1965160 (65)Example of a late-19th-century trading post in the Southwest.
IndependenceHPSE Pa.194845 (18)Historic points of interest and the Liberty Bell site of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. See Independence Hall.
James A. GarfieldHSNE Ohio19808 (3)Home of the 20th president and site of the first presidential memorial library.
Jean LafitteHPSE La.193920,020 (8,108)Includes New Orleans' French Quarter, the Chalmette Battlefield, and the Barataria and Acadian units.
Jimmy CarterHSSW Georgia198771 (29)Buildings and exhibits associated with the 39th president's life.
John Fitzgerald KennedyHSE Mass.1967.09 (.04)Birthplace and early boyhood home of President John F. Kennedy.
John MuirHSW Calif.1964345 (140)John Muir House and Martínez Adobe, commemorating contributions of John Muir to conservation and literature.
KalaupapaHPN Molokai Island, Hawaii198010,779 (4,365)Site of former leper colony separated from the island by 2,000-ft (610-m) cliff there are ruins of 300 Hawaiian structures.
Kaloko-HonokohauHPHawaii Island, Hawaii19781,161 (470)Site of important pre-European settlements.
KeweenawHPNW Mich.19921,870 (757)Preserves features relevant to the first significant copper mining in the United States.
Klondike Gold RushHPSW Alaska, NW Wa.197613,191 (5,342)Sites connected with the 1898 Klondike gold rush including Seattle's Pioneer Square, the miners' point of departure.
Knife River Indian VillagesHSCentral N.Dak.19741,758 (712)Ruins of villages of Hidasta and Mandan Native Americans.
Lewis and ClarkHPNW Oreg., SW Wash.19581,481 (599)Fort Clatsop, site of the winter encampment of the Lewis and Clark expedition, and other sites associated with it. Jointly managed with nearby state historical parks.
Lincoln HomeHSCentral Ill.197112 (5)Only private home owned by Abraham Lincoln he was living there when he was elected president.
Little Rock Central High SchoolHSCentral Ark.199818 (7)Site commemorating the Little Rock Nine and the fight for desegregation in the schools.
LongfellowHSE Mass.19722 (.8)Home of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1837–82) in Cambridge also George Washington's headquarters during the siege of Boston (1775–76).
LowellHPNE Mass.1978141 (57)Restored site of cotton mill traces the history of the Industrial Revolution.
Lyndon B. JohnsonHPSE Tex.19691,570 (636)Sites of the birthplace, boyhood home, and ranch of President Lyndon B. Johnson.
Maggie L. WalkerHSE Central Va.19781 (.4)Home of African-American bank president and early leader in the women's movement.
ManzanarHSE Calif.1992814 (330)Site of World War II internment of Japanese Americans. See relocation center.
Marsh-BillingsHPVt.1992643 (260)Home of pioneer conservationist George Perkins Marsh.
Martin Luther King, Jr.HSN Ga.198039 (16)Birthplace, church, and grave of the civil-rights leader.
Martin Van BurenHSSE N.Y.197440 (16)Home of the 8th president.
Mary McLeod Bethune Council HouseHSWashington, D.C.1982.07 (.03)Home and political headquarters of the educator and activist the carriage house contains the Bethune Archives.
Minute ManHPE Mass.1959965 (391)Scene of fighting on the opening day of the Revolutionary War includes North Bridge, Minute Man statue, Battle Road (see Lexington and Concord, battles of), and the home of Nathaniel Hawthorne.
MorristownHPN N.J.19331,698 (687)Site of military encampments during the Revolution Washington's headquarters, 1779–80.
NatchezHPSW Miss.1988108 (44)Melrose plantation and other antebellum buildings.
New Bedford WhalingHPSE Mass.199634 (14)Commemorates the whaling heritage of New Bedford includes a whaling museum.
New Orleans JazzHPSE La.1994Preserves and interprets jazz as it has evolved in New Orleans.
Nez PercéHPIdaho, Mont., Oreg., Wash.19652,123 (860)38 sites that preserve and commemorate the history and culture of the Nez Percé.
NicodemusHSNW Kansas1996161 (65)Site of town established by African Americans during Reconstruction.
Ninety SixHSNW S.C.1976989 (401)A frontier trading post and Revolutionary War stronghold.
Palo Alto BattlefieldHSS Tex.19783,357 (1,360)Site of the first major battle of the Mexican War.
PecosHPN N.Mex.19656,671 (2,702)15th-century ruins of Pecos Pueblo, once the largest Native American settlement in the Southwest.
Pennsylvania AvenueHSWashington, D.C.1965Portion of Pennsylvania Ave. and adjacent area between the Capitol and the White House.
Pu'uhonua o HonaunauHPSW Hawaii Island, Hawaii1955182 (74)Ancient Hawaiian sanctuary and royal residence.
Puukohola HeiauHSHawaii Island, Hawaii197286 (35)Ruins of temple built (1791) by King Kamehameha the Great.
Sagamore HillHSSE N.Y.196283 (34)Estate and Victorian-style home of President Theodore Roosevelt.
Saint Croix IslandISE Maine194945 (18)Commemorates the French settlement on the island in the Saint Croix River.
Saint-GaudensHSW N.H.1964148 (60)Memorial to the American sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens contains his home studios, gardens.
Saint Paul's ChurchHSSE N.Y.19436 (2)18th-century church associated with the events leading to the arrest of John Peter Zenger includes Bill of Rights museum.
Salem MaritimeHSNE Mass.19389 (4)Wharves and buildings important during Salem's seafaring days.
Salt River BayHPVirgin Islands, on St. Croix1992945 (383)Fort Sale upland watersheds, mangrove forests, estuarine and marine environments.
San Antonio MissionsHPS central Tex.1978819 (332)Four missions situated on the San Antonio River important examples of Spanish cultural influence.
San Francisco MaritimeHPN Calif.198850 (20)Largest collection of historic ships in the United States exhibits on maritime history.
San JuanHSNE Puerto Rico194975 (30)Oldest fortification within the limits of U.S. territory, built (16th cent.) by the Spanish to protect the harbor guarding the sea lanes to the New World.
San Juan IslandHPNW Wash.19661,752 (710)Dedicated to the peaceful relationship between the United States, Britain, and Canada since the San Juan Boundary Dispute.
SaratogaHPE N.Y.19383,392 (1,373)Scene of a famous battle in the American Revolution. See Saratoga campaign.
Saugus Iron WorksHSE Mass.19689 (4)Reconstruction of the 17th-century Colonial ironworks.
SitkaHPSE Alaska1910107 (43)Site of the Tlingit peoples' defeat by Russian settlers in 1804. See Sitka.
Springfield ArmoryHSMass.197455 (22)Large weapons museum housed in former arsenal.
SteamtownHSNE Pa.198662 (25)A railyard containing America's largest collection of steam-era locomotives and railroad cars.
Theodore Roosevelt BirthplaceHSSE N.Y.1962.11 (.04)Birthplace and boyhood home of President Theodore Roosevelt.
Theodore Roosevelt InauguralHSW N.Y.19661 (.4)Ansley Wilcox House, where Theodore Roosevelt took the oath of office (1901) as president.
Thomas StoneHSS Md.1978328 (133)Georgian-style home, Habre-de-Ventre, of a signatory of the Declaration of Independence.
TumacacoriHPS Ariz.190846 (19)Mission founded by Father Eusebio F. Kino rebuilt by the Franciscans.
Tuskegee AirmenHSSE Ala.199990 (36)Site commemorating the African-American Tuskegee Airmen of World War II.
Tuskegee InstituteHSS Ala.197458 (23)First institution of higher learning for the vocational training of African Americans founded in 1881.
Ulysses S. GrantHSMissouri198910 (4)Pre–Civil War home of Ulysses S. Grant.
Valley ForgeHPSE Pa.19763,466 (1,404)Soldiers' huts and preserved buildings re-create the 1777–78 encampment of the Continental Army.
Vanderbilt MansionHSE N.Y.1940212 (86)19th-century palatial Victorian residence of a grandson of Cornelius Vanderbilt.
War in the PacificHPCentral Guam19782,031 (822)Artifacts of World War II in the Pacific theater.
Washita BattlefieldHSOkla.1848315 (128)Site of a Southern Cheyenne village attacked by General Custer on Nov. 27, 1868.
Weir FarmHSConn.199074 (30)Home and studio of the American impressionist painter J. Alden Weir.
Whitman MissionHSSW Wash.193698 (40)Site of the mission of Dr. Marcus Whitman.
William Howard TaftHSSW Ohio19693 (1)Birthplace and early home of President William Howard Taft.
Women's RightsHPW N.Y.19806 (2)Includes Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, site of first women's rights convention (1848), and the home of Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
National Memorials
NameType1LocationYear authorizedSize
acres (hectares)
Description
Arkansas PostMMSE Ark.1960747 (302)Site of the first permanent French settlement in the lower Mississippi valley. See Arkansas Post.
Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee MemorialMMNE Va.192528 (11)Former home of the Custis and Lee families memorial to Robert E. Lee.
ChamizalMMW Tex.196655 (22)Memorializes the peaceful settlement of the 99-year border dispute between the United States and Mexico.
CoronadoMMSE Ariz.19524,750 (1,924)Area near Francisco Vásquez de Coronado's point of entry (1540) into the United States.
De SotoMMW Fla.194827 (11)Commemorates the landing (1539) of Hernando De Soto in Florida and his exploration of the S United States.
Federal HallMMSE N.Y.1939.45 (.18)Site of the first seat of the federal government and George Washington's inauguration (1789).
Fort CarolineMMNE Fla.1950138 (56)Area overlooking the site of Fort Caroline.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt MemorialMMWashington, D.C.19978 (3)Monument to Roosevelt on the Mall in the nation's capital.
General GrantMMSE N.Y.1958.76 (.31)Tomb of President Ulysses S. Grant and his wife, Julia.
Hamilton GrangeMMSE N.Y.1962.11 (.04)Home of Alexander Hamilton.
Jefferson National Expansion MemorialMME Mo.1935193 (78)Area commemorating westward exploration and settlement includes Gateway Arch. See Saint Louis, Mo.
Johnstown FloodMMSE Pa.1964164 (66)Memorializes the Johnstown flood of 1889. See Johnstown, Pa.
Korean War Veterans MemorialMMWashington, D.C.19862 (.8)Grouping of 19 infantry soldiers standing before a polished granite wall.
Lincoln BoyhoodMMSW Ind.1962200 (81)Site of the farm where Abraham Lincoln was raised and the burial place of his mother, Mary Hanks Lincoln.
Lincoln MemorialMMWashington, D.C.1911107 (45)See Lincoln Memorial.
Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the PotomacMMNE Va.197317 (7)Grove of 500 white pines overlooking Potomac River vista of the capital.
Mount RushmoreMMSW S.Dak.19251,278 (518)Carvings of Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt on the granite face of Mt. Rushmore.
Oklahoma CityMMOkla.19976 (2)Site honoring the rescuers and victims killed in the Apr. 19, 1995, bombing of the Federal Building.
Perry's Victory and International Peace MemorialMMN Ohio193625 (10)Scene of the victory near Put-in Bay of Oliver H. Perry in the War of 1812.
Roger WilliamsMME R.I.19655 (2)Memorial to Roger Williams, the founder of the Rhode Island colony and a pioneer of religious freedom.
Thaddeus KosciuszkoMMSE Pa.1972.02 (.01)Commemorates the life and work of Thaddeus Kosciusko.
Thomas JeffersonMMWashington, D.C.193418 (7)See Thomas Jefferson Memorial.
USS Arizona MemorialMMS Honolulu, Hawaii1980A memorial to American losses at Pearl Harbor.
Vietnam Veterans MemorialMMWashington, D.C.19802 (.8)See Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
Washington MonumentMMWashington, D.C.1848106 (43)555-ft (169-m) high obelisk honoring Washington.
Wright BrothersMMNE N.C.1927428 (173)Scene of the first (1903) successful flight of the Wright brothers.
National Battlefields, Battlefield Parks, Battlefield Sites, and Military Parks
NameType1LocationYear authorizedSize
acres (hectares)
Description
AntietamBFCentral Md.18903,223 (1,305)See Antietam campaign. Antietam (Sharpsburg) National Cemetery adjoins the park.
Big HoleBFSW Mont.1910656 (266)Scene of 1877 battle between U.S. troops and Nez Percé led by Chief Joseph.
Brices Cross RoadsBSNE Miss.19291 (.4)Site of a rout of Union troops by Confederate cavalry under General N. B. Forrest (June 10, 1864).
Chickamauga and ChattanoogaMPGa., Tenn.18908,129 (3,291)Civil War battle sites first national military park.
CowpensBFNW S.C.1929932 (377)Site of an American militia victory over British infantry and cavalry forces in the Revolutionary War battle of Cowpens (Jan. 17, 1781).
Fort DonelsonBFNW Tenn.1928552 (224)Site of first Union Army victory Civil War cemetery.
Fort NecessityBFSW Pa.1931903 (366)George Washington's troops defeated here in 1754.
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields MemorialMPNE Va.19277,924 (3,208)Contains portions of four major Civil War battlefields (see Fredericksburg, battle of) and a national cemetery.
GettysburgMPS Pa.18955,984 (2,423)Civil War battlefield and cemetery site of President Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. See Gettysburg, Pa.
Guilford CourthouseMPN N.C.1917223 (90)See Guilford Courthouse, battle of.
Horseshoe BendMPE Ala.19562,040 (826)See Horseshoe Bend.
Kennesaw MountainBPNW Ga.19172,884 (1,168)Site of Sherman's attack on the Confederate forces in the Atlanta campaign.
Kings MountainMPN S.C.19313,945 (1,598)Site of a crucial American victory (Oct. 7, 1780) over the British during the Revolution.
ManassasBPNE Va.19405,072 (2,054)See Bull Run.
MonocacyBFW Md.19761,647 (667)Site commemorates the first successful defense of Washington, D.C. during the Civil War.
Moores CreekBFSE N.C.192688 (36)Site of a battle between Patriots and Loyalists.
Pea RidgeMPNW Ark.19564,300 (1,742)Site of the Civil War battle of Pea Ridge, which saved Missouri for the Union.
PetersburgBFSE Va.19262,659 (1,077)Scene of the Battle of the Crater and a 10-month Union campaign (1864–65) to seize Petersburg, Va.
RichmondBPE Va.19361,718 (696)Commemorates Civil War battles of Cold Harbor, Drewry's Bluff, Gaines Mill, Malvern Hill, and Beaver Dam Creek.
ShilohMPSW Tenn.18943,973 (1,609)Site of the Civil War battle of Shiloh. Shiloh National Cemetery is there.
Stones RiverBFCentral Tenn.1927713 (289)See Murfreesboro, Tenn. Site of Stones River National Cemetery.
TupeloBFNE Miss.19291 (.4)See Tupelo, Miss.
VicksburgMPW Miss.18991,740 (704)Site of the Vicksburg campaign of the Civil War and Vicksburg National Cemetery.
Wilson's CreekBFMissouri19601,750 (709)Site of first major Civil War engagement west of the Mississippi.
National Preserves and Reserves
NameType1LocationYear authorizedSize
acres (hectares)
Description
Bering Land BridgePSNW Alaska19782,697,639 (1,092,162)Remnant of land bridge that connected Alaska with Asia.
Big CypressPAS Fla.1974720,570 (291,729)Subtropical plant and animal life ancestral home of Seminole and Miccosukee peoples.
Big ThicketPSSE Tex.197497,191 (39,349)Large number of plant and animal species.
City of RocksNRIdaho198814,107 (5,711)Granite spires, sculptured rock formations.
Ebey's LandingNRWhidbey Island, Wash.197819,000 (7,695)Records exploration and settlement of Puget Sound.
Little River CanyonPSNE Ala.199213,633 (5,519)Rock expanses, benches, and bluffs kayaking and rock climbing.
MojavePSS Calif.19941,508,045 (610,545)Dunes, cinder cones, historic mining scenes protects fragile habitat of the desert tortoise.
NoatakPSAlaska19786,569,904 (2,660,811)Mountain-ringed river basin.
Tallgrass PrairiePSE Kansas199610,894 (4,411)Preserve protecting surviving remnant of the tallgrass ecosystem.
Timucan Ecological and Historic PreservePSFla.198846,019 (18,631)Atlantic coastal marshes, islands, tidal creeks.
Yukon-Charley RiversPSE central Alaska19782,526,512 (1,022,879)Peregrine falcons, 1898 Gold Rush relics.
National Recreation Areas
NameType1LocationYear authorizedSize
acres (hectares)
Description
AmistadRAS Tex.196558,500 (23,693)U.S. part of Amistad Reservoir, on the Rio Grande.
Bighorn CanyonRAMont., Wyo.1966120,296 (48,720)Yellowtail Dam and spectacular Bighorn Canyon, on the Bighorn River.
Boston Harbor IslandsRAE Mass.19961,482 (600)More than 30 islands off the Greater Boston coast.
Chattahoochie RiverRAGeorgia19789,260 (3,750)Series of historic and recreational sites along the Chattahoochie River.
ChickasawRAS Okla.19769,889 (4,005)Mineral springs, streams, and lakes. Name honors Chickasaw Nation combination of former Platt National Park and Arbuckle National Recreation Area.
CurecantiRAE Colo.196541,972 (16,993)Blue Mesa, Morrow Point, and Crystal reservoirs in the upper Black Canyon of the Gunnison.
Delaware Water GapRAN.J., Pa.196566,756 (27,027)Scenic Delaware Water Gap.
GatewayRAN.Y., N.J.197226,610 (10,773)Beaches, marshes, islands, and waters in and around New York City. One of the first two national urban recreation areas.
Gauley RiverRAW Va.198811,342 (4,592)Passes through scenic valleys and gorges whitewater boating.
Glen CanyonRAAriz., Utah19581,254,306 (507,816)Lake Powell, formed by the Glen Canyon Dam.
Golden GateRAW Calif.197273,688 (29,833)Beaches, forests, marshes, San Francisco's Presidio, and Alcatraz Island. One of the first two national urban recreation areas.
Lake ChelanRAN Wash.196861,958 (25,084)Located in the Stehekin Valley and in the northern part of fjordlike Lake Chelan.
Lake MeadRAAriz., Nev.19361,495,666 (605,745)Lake Mead, formed by Hoover Dam, and Lake Mohave, formed by Davis Dam the first national recreation area established by Congress.
Lake MeredithRANW Tex.196544,978 (18,216)Includes Lake Meredith, on the Canadian River, a popular water-sports area.
Lake RooseveltRANE Wash.1946100,390 (40,658)Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake, formed by the Grand Coulee Dam in the Columbia River interesting geology.
Ross LakeRAN Wash.1968117,575 (47,618)Extends along the Skagit River canyon bisects North Cascades National Park.
Santa Monica MountainsRASW Calif.1978153,824 (62,277)Rugged, chaparral-covered landscape fronting on sandy beaches.
Whiskeytown-Shasta-TrinityRAN Calif.196542,503 (17,214)Reservoirs, forestland, and Whiskeytown Falls the National Park Service runs the Whiskeytown unit, and the Forest Service administers the Shasta and Trinity units.
National Rivers
NameType1LocationYear authorizedSize
acres (hectares)
Description
AlagnakWSSW Alaska198030,665 (12,415)White water and salmon fishing.
Big South ForkRRKy., Tenn.1976125,242 (50,705)Scenic gorges and valleys.
BluestoneWSSW W.Va.19884,310 (1,745)Fishing, hiking, boating, and scenery.
BuffaloRINW Ark.197294,292 (38,175)136-mi (219-km) stretch of the Buffalo River and its valley the first national river.
DelawareWSN.J.-Pa.19781,973 (799)Swimming, boating, and fishing on Delaware River through the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area.
Great Egg HarborWSSW N.J.1992129 mi (208 km) long largest canoeing river in the Pine Barrens.
Lower St. CroixWSE Minn., NW Wis.197225,279 (10,234)First river segment added by Congress to the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Program.
Mississippi RiverRRMinn.198853,775 (21,779)Cultural, historical, and industrial features of the Mississippi River.
MissouriWSS.Dak. to Neb.1978Two free-flowing portions of Missouri River with islands, bars, and chutes native floodplain forest.
New River GorgeRIW Va.197869,834 (28,273)Rugged whitewater river flows through deep canyons.
NiobraraWSN Nebr.1991Ecological crossroads between eastern woodlands and western grasslands.
ObedWSE Tenn.19765,173 (2,094)Numerous streams and rugged scenery.
OzarkWSMo.196480,786 (32,707)Scenic parts of the Current and Jacks Fork rivers the first national scenic river.
Rio GrandeWSS Tex.19789,600 (3,888)191-mi (307-km) strip of land on the U.S. shore of the Rio Grande in the Chihuahuan Desert.
Saint CroixWSMinn., Wis.196867,483 (27,321)200 mi (322 km) of the St. Croix River and its Namekagon tributary trails, camping, boating.
Upper DelawareWSPa., N.Y.197875,005 (30,366)Fishing and boating.
National Lakeshores and Seashores
NameType1LocationYear authorizedSize
acres (hectares)
Description
Apostle IslandsLSNW Wis.197069,372 (28,096)Apostle Islands and a strip of the Bayfield Peninsula, on the south shore of Lake Superior.
Assateague IslandSSMd., Va.196539,723 (16,082)37-mi (60-km) barrier island beaches wildlife refuge including wild ponies.
CanaveralSSE Fla.197557,662 (23,353)Barrier island dunes and marshland that includes a wildlife refuge.
Cape CodSSSE Mass.196143,685 (17,686)See Cape Cod.
Cape HatterasSSE N.C.193730,321 (12,276)The first national seashore. See under Hatteras, Cape.
Cape LookoutSSE N.C.196628,243 (11,438)Three barrier islands with beaches, sand dunes, and salt marshes Cape Lookout Lighthouse.
Cumberland IslandSSSE Ga.197236,415 (14,748)Largest island off Georgia beaches, sand dunes, marshes, and lakes.
Fire IslandSSSE N.Y.196419,579 (7,929)Covers section of Fire Island.
Gulf IslandsSSFla., Miss.1971137,458 (55,651)Historic forts and white sand beaches near Pensacola, Fla. Fort Massachusetts and primitive offshore islands in S Miss.
Indiana DunesLSNW Ind.196615,138 (6,129)200-ft (60-m) sand dunes, beaches, and marshes along the south shore of Lake Michigan.
Padre IslandSSS Tex.1962130,434 (52,826)See Padre Island, Tex.
Pictured RocksLSN Mich.196673,228 (29,657)Sandstone cliffs, marshes, dunes, and waterfalls along Lake Superior the first national lakeshore.
Point ReyesSSW Calif.196271,068 (28,772)Coastal area with beaches and steep bluffs.
Sleeping Bear DunesLSW central Mich.197071,196 (28,824)Section of the Lake Michigan shoreline and the North and South Manitoulin islands beaches, sand dunes, forests.
Other Areas
NameType1LocationYear authorizedSize
acres (hectares)
Description
AppalachianSTMaine, N.H., Vt., Mass., Conn., N.Y., N.J., Pa., Md., W.Va., Va., Tenn., N.C., Ga.1968214,528 (86,853)See Appalachian Trail.
Blue RidgePWVa., N.C.193688,689 (35,906)Scenic route in the Blue Ridge Mts. between Shenandoah and Great Smoky Mts. national parks many roadside parks, lookouts, and trails the first national parkway.
CaliforniaHTMissouri River to Calif. and Oreg.1992Former migration route extending 5,600 mi (9,010 km) from the Missouri River to California and Oregon.
Catoctin Mountain ParkPONW Md.19365,770 (2,337)Campgrounds, trails, and scenic drive located in the Catoctin Mts. Camp David, the presidential retreat, is there.
Constitution GardensPOWashington, D.C.197852 (21)Memorial to the signers of the Declaration of Independence.
Continental DivideSTMont., Idaho, Wyo., Colo., N.Mex.19783,200 (1,296)Runs the length of the Rocky Mountains.
FloridaSTS Fla.1983Subtropical plant and animal life along 1,300-mi (2,092-km) trail.
Fort Washington ParkPOWashington, D.C.1930341 (138)19th-century fort.
George Washington Memorial ParkwayPWVa., D.C., Md.19307,248 (2,935)Parkway connecting landmarks associated with the life of George Washington along both sides of the Potomac River from Mt. Vernon to Great Falls.
GreenbeltPON Md.19501,176 (476)Woodland park.
Ice AgeSTS Wis.1980100-mi (161-km) trail follows glacial moraines.
IditarodHTAlaska1978Former Alaska Gold Rush trail extending 2,350 mi (3,781 km) from Seward to Nome.
John D. Rockefeller, Jr.PWNW Wyo.197223,777 (9,622)Scenic corridor between Yellowstone and Grand Teton national parks commemorating Rockefeller's role in the creation of many national parks.
Juan Bautista de AnzaHTW Calif.19901,200-mi (1,931-km) trail traces the path of Spanish colonists.
Lewis and ClarkHTMo., Neb., S.Dak., N.Dak., Mont., Idaho, Oreg.19783,700-mi (5,953-km) historic trail commemorates the Lewis and Clark expedition.
Mormon PioneerHTIll., Mo., Kans., Colo., Utah1978Historic trail follows the route taken by Brigham Young and his followers in 1847–48.
Natchez TraceSTMiss., Tenn.198310,995 (4,453)Trail extends from Nashville, Tenn., to Natchez, Miss.
Natchez TracePWMiss., Ala., Tenn.193851,748 (20,958)Parkway following the general location of the old trail known as the Natchez Trace.
National Capital ParksPOD.C., Va., Md.17906,544 (2,649)More than 300 parks, parkways, and military fortifications in and around Washington, D.C.
National MallPOWashington, D.C.1933146 (59)Landscaped park, part of the L'Enfant Plan for Washington, D.C.
Nez PercéHTOregon, Idaho, Mont., Wyo.19861,170-mi (1,883-km) trail commemorates the retreat of the Nez Percé under Chief Joseph in 1877.
North CountrySTN.Y. to N.Dak.1980Extends 3,200 mi (5,149 km), connecting seven northern tier states.
OregonHTMo. to Oreg.1978Traces the c.2,000-mi (3,200-km) route of pioneers in 1841–60.
Overmountain VictoryHTTenn., Va., N.C., S.C.1980Follows the 300-mi (483-km) path of revolutionary Patriots.
Pacific CrestSTCalif., Oreg., Wash.1968Follows the Sierra and Cascade peaks 2,638 mi (4,245 km) from Mexico to Canada along with the Appalachian Trail one of the two initial components of the National Trails System.
Piscataway ParkPOS Md.19614,486 (1,816)Preserves the view from Mt. Vernon of the opposite shore of the Potomac River.
Pony ExpressHTMo., Kans., Colo., Utah, Nev., Calif.1992Follows the 1,966-mi (3,163-km) route of the pony express riders in 1860–61.
Potomac HeritageSTVa., D.C., Md., Pa.1983704-mi (1,133-km) trail connects the tidewater regions to the Laurel Highlands of Pennsylvania.
Prince William Forest ParkPONE Va.193618,572 (7,522)Pine and hardwood forests of the Quantico Creek watershed.
Rock Creek ParkPOWashington, D.C.18901,754 (710)Wooded preserve, one of the largest urban parks in the nation.
Santa FeHTMo., Kans., Okla., Col., N.Mex.1987Traces the 1,203-mi (1,936-km) route of famous Santa Fe Trail.
Theodore Roosevelt IslandPOWashington, D.C., Va.193289 (36)Wilderness preserve in the Potomac River a tribute to the conservationist president.
Trail of TearsHTN.C., Tenn., Ga., Ala., Ark., Okla.19872,200-mi (3,540-km) trail commemorates the routes of forced migration of more than 15,000 Cherokee from their ancestral homes.
White HousePOWashington, D.C.193318 (7)See White House.
Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing ArtsPON Va.1966130 (53)Set in a rolling, wooded landscaped area to provide artistic enjoyment and recreation the first national park for the performing arts.
Note 1:
BFBattlefield
BPBattlefield Park
BSBattlefield Site
HPHistorical Park
HSHistoric Site
HTHistoric Trail
ISInternational Historic Site
LSLakeshore
MMMemorial
MOMonument
MPMilitary Park
MRMonument and Preserve
NRReserve
NPPark
PAPreserve and Addition
PEPark and Expansion
POPark, other
PPPark and Preserve
PSPreserve
PWParkway
RARecreation Area
RIRiver
RRRiver and Recreation Area
SSSeashore
STScenic Trail
WSWild or Scenic River or Riverway

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. National Park System

Browse by Subject