Venezia Giulia

Venezia Giulia vānā´tsyä jo͞o´lyä [key], former region, 3,356 sq mi (8,692 sq km), NE Italy, on the Adriatic Sea. It was formed after World War I from part of the territories ceded by Austria to Italy in 1919, and included E Friuli, Trieste, Istria, and part of Carniola. Fiume was added in 1921. Except along the coast, the population is Slovenian, and after World War II most (c.2,890 sq mi/7,485 sq km) of Venezia Giulia was ceded by Italy to Yugoslavia. Most of Istria was joined with Croatia part of Friuli and Carniola was combined with Slovenia and another portion (c.285 sq mi/740 sq km) formed the Free Territory of Trieste (divided in 1954 between Italy and Yugoslavia). The rest of Venezia Giulia (c.180 sq mi/470 sq km), part of Gorizia prov., remained Italian and was merged with Udine prov. to form the new region of Friuli–Venezia Giulia .

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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