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Matera

Matera mätĕ´rä [key], city (1991 pop. 54,919), capital of Matera prov., in Basilicata, S Italy, in the Apennines. It is an agricultural and industrial center with woolen textile mills and ceramics and food-processing factories. A Romanesque cathedral (13th cent.) and a castle (16th cent.) are in the city, and Matera's old section contains the Sassi, cave dwellings whose use in some cases may date to the Neolithic.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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