Fiordland National Park, 4,868 sq mi (12,601 sq km), on the Tasman Sea, SW South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand's largest national park, it was established as a reserve in 1904 and designated a national park in 1952. An area of coastal fjords and rugged mountains, it was scoured by glaciers over tens of thousand of years. The park encompasses many rivers, waterfalls, and lakes as well temperate rainforest. Lake Hauroko, at 1,516 ft (462 m), is the country's deepest lake, and Sutherland Falls is one of the world's highest waterfalls, dropping 1,904 ft (580 m). The park is home to the Fiordland penguin as well as rare, flightless birds including the takahe and the kakapo.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2023, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Australian and New Zealand Physical Geography