, Ger. Hessen, state, 8,150 sq mi (24,604 sq km),
central Germany. Wiesbaden is the
capital. It is bounded by Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria in the south,
Rhineland-Palatinate in the west, North Rhine–Westphalia and Lower
Saxony in the north, and Thuringia in the east. It was formed in 1945
through the consolidation of Hesse-Nassau, a former Prussian province, and
most of Hesse-Darmstadt, a former grand duchy.
Sections in this article:
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2023, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: German Political Geography