See I. N. P. Stokes, The Iconography of Manhattan Island (6 vol., 1915–28, repr. 1967); R. G. Albion, The Rise of New York Port, 1815–1860 (1939); J. A. Kouwenhoven, Columbia Historical Portrait of New York (1953, repr. 1972); N. Glazer and D. P. Moynihan, Beyond the Melting Pot (1963); E. R. Ellis, The Epic of New York City (1966); R. A. Caro, The Power Broker (1975); D. Hammack, Power and Society (1982); J. Kieran, A Natural History of New York (1982); J. Charyn, Metropolis (1987); R. A. M. Stern et al., New York 1960 (1995); E. G. Burrows and M. Wallace, Gotham (1998); H. Adam, New York: Architecture & Design (2003); R. Shorto, The Island at the Center of the World (2004); J. Brash, Bloomberg's New York (2011); S. H. Jaffe, New York at War (2012); M. B. Williams, City of Ambition (2013); G. Koeppel, City on a Grid: How New York Became New York (2015); M. Wallace, Greater Gotham (2017); guides by the Federal Writers' Project (1939, repr. 1982) and A. S. Dolkart and M. A. Postal (3d ed. 2003); encyclopedia by K. T. Jackson, ed. (2d ed. 2010).
Sections in this article:
- Ethnic Diversity
- Points of Interest and Educational and Cultural Facilities
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