Homestead. 1 City (1990 pop. 26,866), Dade co., SE Fla.; inc. 1913. A large Miami suburb with a growing Hispanic population, Homestead is a trade center for the redland district, known for its many varieties of citrus and other fruits and vegetables. Nearby Homestead Air Force Base was converted to a reserve base in 1994, with development slated for some of the land. The city is the gateway to Everglades National Park (see National Parks and Monuments , table) and the Florida Keys. Local attractions include several tropical gardens, a pioneer museum, a stock car racetrack, and a castlelike building furnished with coral items. A state subtropical experiment station is there, and a nuclear power plant is nearby. In 1992 a disastrous hurricane swept through S Florida, leveling much of the area, including the commercial center of Homestead. 2 Borough (1990 pop. 4,179), Allegheny co., SW Pa., on the Monongahela River just S of Pittsburgh; inc. 1880. Once a foremost U.S. steel producer, Homestead declined rapidly in the 1980s when steel companies relocated overseas. In 1892 the Homestead strike , one of the most bitterly fought industrial disputes in U.S. labor history, occurred there; the site has been redeveloped as the Waterfront, a mixed-use retail-residential complex.

See study by W. Serrin (1992).

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